On Leadership And Being A Role Version

On Leadership and Being a Role Model

Donald C. Bolduc


The beauty Custom Poster Custom Poster of writing this article on management is that anyone who reads it could believe it or now not.  This article provides Custom Poster the author an possibility to create a body of thought that encourages cautious consideration and opportunity to the reader to have a look at the concern of leadership development and education in a different way.  The purpose of this article is easy: to light up what I take into account a extreme hassle—the improvement of leaders and the training of leaders.  I trust this must be the priority of all organizations massive or small.  Tied closely to how we broaden leaders, is how we identify role fashions.  We need leaders to be function models, but this isn’t always what we’re seeing in America.  I turned into lately reading about function models and came across some of thrilling views on what it takes to be a position model.  Larry Winget, described, “role models are nothing extra than a mirrored image of what we value.  When we value honesty, integrity, doing the proper component, morals, precise management and Custom Poster tough work, we are able to have function fashions who exemplify the ones values” (Winget, 2018).  Since we rather cost repute, superstar, being pretty and living an ostentatious lifestyle, the ones are the position fashions we find ourselves having (Winget, 2018).  When we increase our values, we will elevate our function fashions (Winget, 2018)  It is best to recognize what a person accomplishes in commercial enterprise, sports or the monetary global, however it’s silly to turn them into a position model except they are the sort of man or woman you want your child to develop up to be (Winget, 2018).  Before we maintain any person up as a function model, we need to have a look at extra than what they do, what they’ve and the way they look. We need to study who they are and the way they live (Winget, 2018).

America is in a disaster of leadership.  We see this in commercial enterprise, politics, and the army.  The places we should be searching out function fashions is enterprise, politics, and the military.  Studies display that fifty-seventy five% of business leaders and executives are ineffective (Hughes, Ginnett, Curphy, 2019).   The United States Congress has a 76% disapproval score and their divisiveness is the main motive of their ineffectiveness in serving the American people (Gallup Poll, 2019).  The army’s approval rating is excessive, but over the last eighteen years, civilian and senior army leaders have skilled troubles with personal behavior, institutional truthfulness, loss of consider via subordinates, and poor policy and method improvement; all of that are negatively affecting their effectiveness as leaders (Wong, Gerras, 2015 2019).

The starting place of ways leaders are made is a especially debated location in teachers (Barling, 2014, Geiger 2016).  Based on my disasters and successes as a subordinate, follower, employee, and chief, I believe leaders are not born, they’re evolved.  So, to be triumphant, we should develop them via establishing a system to find them, provide them the opportunities to guide, to comply with, and to examine from their studies. And we need to do this as early as feasible with developing leaders.  We can locate leaders at every degree of our society.  What we cannot find at each stage of our society is the possibility.  Finding leaders in our society should no longer be about in which you have been raised, how wealthy you’re, wherein you went to school, and who you know.  It should be about developing a system and technique that leverages finding the excellent leaders and giving them the opportunities to learn how to lead.  We find athletes at each level of our society; we need to look for leaders at every level as properly.  Although I recognize there are present leadership issues in commercial enterprise and politics, this article will consciousness at the navy.

The Problem

The motive of this segment isn’t always to discuss that for the duration of history the navy has produced fantastic leaders.  There isn’t any disputing the legacy of our first-rate army background.  The purpose of this section, is to discover the notion that there can be a extra efficient manner to select, broaden, educate, and teach leaders.  It appears we hold to technique the development and training of our leaders by using doing the equal things, the equal manner, and awaiting a unique end result.  Today, present day and future leaders want a special or revised system.  We can not retain to use the identical “blue print” to pick, select, expand, educate, and train leaders the way we skilled and knowledgeable Grant, Marshall, and Eisenhower.  Now, there are exceptions, but my revel in has been that leaders these days, do not deal with themselves the way want to if you want to efficiently contend with others.  They are overworked, careworn out, sleep disadvantaged, and now not in gold standard bodily form.  They are experiencing unaddressed bodily and mental damage of warfare.  This has a negative impact on their leader technique and effectiveness.  I agree with primarily based on my experience, that leaders deal with system better than their humans.  I never obtained counseling on how I became taking care of my people, but while the unit’s operational system readiness price went under ninety% I heard it from every body.  Leaders ought to learn how to take ourselves even as they deal with others.  Due to our eighteen-yr generational battle, our provider individuals and their families are experiencing a number health troubles that leaders aren’t addressing successfully.  These health issues are having a terrible effect on resiliency and readiness.  This must be modified by way of leaders placing their own skin in the sport to returned up fitness programs.  Our carrier participants will not take care of themselves except they have the guide and believe in their leaders.  

Do we think like leaders?  Are we requiring our subordinate leaders to think like leaders or are we asking them to think like a follower, putting them in a box, and limiting their leadership growth?  Leaders ought to transition and we ought to additionally transition the contemplating our subordinate leaders a good way to develop.  This is a attitude shift from obeying and following to exercise initiative, responsibility, and gaining knowledge of.  Holding a platoon chief accountable for his responsibilities and obligations isn’t like conserving him or her accountable as a frontrunner.  The dichotomy here is that a platoon chief can be regarded by his or her superiors as an powerful platoon chief, however identified as an useless leader by using their peers and subordinates.  Are we requiring our subordinate leaders to attention on their superiors or looking after their organisation and the humans in it.  Our aim should be to increase an awesome platoon chief and an awesome leader inside the equal character.  Thinking like a frontrunner is a transition in idea and movements from a follower to a management mind-set of being responsible to their people for the technique and the final results.  Are we maintaining up with development as leaders?  I consider we are not.  Things circulate so speedy that senior leaders are uncomfortable with dropping manage.  The response is to attempt to manage greater in place of decentralizing authority and responsibility.  Trying to control greater is counterproductive, as the greater you try to control the more severe matters get.  Below are slides that depict management and improvement thoughts which can be regarded, but now not automatically implemented through leaders.        

In the army, schooling and enjoy are highly critical for leader development.  In my enjoy, that is connected to how the navy selects, trains, educates, and promotes its leaders. The United States Military Academy (USMA), and the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), and the Officer Candidate School (OCS) have to re-look the “blue print” they use to get right of entry to, pick out, and teach destiny leaders.  The navy’s advertising approach has changed to correctly speak to these days’s   era, so too, should the management method.  Each of these applications has carried out true enough, however this is not enough.  They each follow a specific choice manner, training and schooling manner, and choose from a distinctive pool of available applicants.  I have noticed little trade within the way we teach and teach leaders in my generation and the manner we educate and educate millennials to be leaders nowadays.  Most importantly, there was little change in the outcome of how leaders act.  Yes, there were modifications in process, but now not sufficient to create the kind of chief we want inside the destiny.  We additionally pass over an possibility mid-career to keep their management training, and again on the War College.  The Capstone software is also a overlooked possibility for Generals and Admirals.  The military does not focus on growing strategic leaders early enough within the officer’s profession.  We additionally fail to apprehend the differences in generations and how to correctly teach them to be leaders, after which combine them into military culture that values their differences.  Even in how we choose and educate Special Forces Officer’s is in query.  Quality as opposed to quantity, pipeline considerations, and the hazard of one unqualified officer making it via to command a Special Forces (SF) team is a stability that calls for difficult picks.   This isn’t always new and a miles-debated topic, but our Non-Commissioned Officers (NCO) are very involved with the exceptions being made in the Special Forces choice manner and within the qualification route.  If they are worried, I am concerned.  There is another difficulty right here, which whether authentic or not, is that the NCO’s sense they should voice their concerns through an nameless system due to loss of consider, fear of retribution, and a poisonous leadership weather in United States Army Special Operations command (USASOC).  My experience right here is that our SF NCOs will positioned up with loads earlier than they ward off on this way.       

The System and the Process

First, I concede I am now not an professional.  Second, I concede there are matters I do not know.  Third, I additionally recognize there is a hassle due to the fact I lived it and others which might be considered professionals and do realize greater than me told me.  We can’t depend upon a device that trains leaders to obey and follow at the fee of telling the fact and valuing creativity, imagination, and initiative.  The army controls initiative and does now not fee contrarians underneath the present day leadership model.  The hassle I see is that a conformity model and not a willpower version is Custom Poster used to broaden destiny leaders.  There is no doubt conformity is vital within the military, however what we fail to analyze is that sooner or later, transitioning to a self-control model is essential to the achievement of leaders at all levels.    

Conformity is the act of matching attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to institution norms (Cialdini, 2004).  Norms are implicit, particular regulations, shared through a group of people that guide their interactions with others (Cialdini, 2004).  People often select to comply to society as opposed to to pursue personal desires because it’s miles easier to observe the course others have made already rather than growing a brand new one (Cialdini, 2004).  This tendency to conform occurs in all companies, and might end result from subtle subconscious affects, or direct and overt stress (Cialdini, 2004).

Conformity can arise inside the presence of others, or when an character is alone.  For instance, people tend to observe social norms while consuming or looking television even if alone. People frequently conform because of a choice for safety inside a set—usually a set of a similar age, way of life, religion, or academic popularity (McLeod, 2016).  This is frequently referred to as institution-suppose: a sample of idea characterized through self-deception, compelled manufacture of consent, and conformity to institution values and ethics which ignores realistic appraisal of different publications of movement (McLeod, 2016).  Unwillingness to conform incorporates the risk of rejection. Conformity is regularly related to early life and teens subculture, adults, groups, and strongly impacts humans in all areas of life (McLeod, 2016).

Conformity impacts the formation and preservation of norms and helps the army function easily and predictably via the self-removal of behaviors visible as contrary to written and unwritten policies.  In this sense, it is able to be perceived as a effective force that forestalls acts which might be perceptually disruptive or risky.  Harvard psychologist Herbert Kelman recognized three major kinds of conformity (Kelman, 1958).  These kinds are at play within the navy in a wonderful and negative manner.

Compliance is public conformity, while possibly maintaining one’s very own authentic beliefs for your self. (Kelman, 1958).Identification is conforming to someone who is liked and revered.  This can be influenced with the aid of the splendor of the supply and is a deeper type of conformism than compliance (Kelman, 1958).Internalization is accepting the notion or behavior and conforming each publicly and privately.  It is the deepest affect on human beings, and it’ll have an effect on them for a long time (Kelman, 1958).

Under the modern-day device, our destiny leaders analyze the cost of empowerment, agree with, and taking dangers, however will perform in a system that does not praise it.  Once they emerge as military leaders, they are in a device this is less likely to view subordinates’ errors as opportunities for getting to know for worry it’ll replicate poorly on them.  They grow to be micromanagers in an try and control their subordinates’ movements, and perceive contrarians and crucial thinkers as non-team gamers.  In my enjoy, a conformity model is necessary inside the army, but it may be a counterproductive double facet sword.  The army seeks conformity in obeying orders, suitable order and field, schooling requirements, execution of missions, and in its fee device (Bolduc, 2019).  Where conformity turns into counterproductive is among senior leaders and their choice to manipulate the entirety.  Moreover, this has negatively affected investigations wherein blaming subordinates and shielding senior leaders is a common result.  It has led to a way of life of leadership that calls for conformity in loyalty to the boss above inside the company.  In addition, the conformity model has negatively impacted how we pick our leaders and the procedure of how we expertise control our senior leaders (Bolduc, 2019).  Our Army can now not have the funds for the conformity version that helps organizational nepotism, advocacy-based totally promotions, pass along to transport alongside, and my guy no longer the proper device wondering that has developed to pick out senior leaders.  This custom is negatively affecting every part of our Army, especially the connection with our subordinates (Bolduc, 2019)  Overall, it has caused an unproductive system in how we educate our leaders for the duration of their profession.  We train for a job rather than train them on leadership.  Both are wished (Bolduc. 2019).

Self-discipline is the capability to control yourself and to make yourself work tough or behave in a particular way while not having each person else to tell you what to do (Collins, 2019).  Self-field because it relates to management improvement and schooling is tons extra than the ability to control your self or work difficult.  A strength of mind version is a responsibility-based technique which trains and educates the leaders to recognize and solve troubles in an company (Grote, 2006).  Responsibility consists of laying out instructions for enhancing future behavior through following excellent function models who have earned esteem.  Responsibility-based subject is ready empowering, trusting, and assisting subordinate leaders’  choice-making and trouble-fixing.  It is the other of the conformity model.  Instead of seeking conformity, we are looking for obligation.  This will cause a trade inside the lifestyle of management that balances loyalty in your boss and to your business enterprise.  In addition, this may change how we pick our leaders and the system of ways we talent manipulate senior leaders (Bolduc, 2019).  Our Army’s subculture will trade because the conformity model that helps the ineffective behaviors which have advanced to select senior leaders, i.e. organizational nepotism, advocacy-primarily based promotions and so on., will no longer be valid.  Further, a willpower version will redefine the relationship with our subordinates undoubtedly (Bolduc, 2019).  Overall, it will lead to a effective gadget in how we teach our leaders at some stage in their profession.  We will now efficaciously train our officials of their task and teach them on leadership.  They will benefit admire, dignity, and trust even as gazing clear limits that maintain the chain of command (Bolduc. 2019).

The Goal of a Leader is to be a Role Model

Simply being a frontrunner does now not make you a effective position model.  A leader has plenty to prove before becoming a superb role model.  People will do what leaders say, but they will comply with a fantastic position model everywhere.  I discovered that man or woman, ethical braveness, sympathy, empathy, and instinct are highly crucial in management and for growing the conduct to be a tremendous function model.  I trust it’s far crucial in placing the proper weather in an organization.  Jim Wideman said, “being an example is greater critical than skills” (Wideman, 2013). 

The priority of leadership ought to recognition on the human beings, family, and challenge.  A leader should do three things: attend to the undertaking now not meddle in it, increase leaders, and deal with their people and their households.  Leaders have to ensure their approach remains merit-primarily based, values-based, and faith-based.  A posted imaginative and prescient and leadership philosophy backed by constant behavior and messaging is critical to efficaciously lead and control an corporation.  An installed management technique continues the chief centered and on message.  It cuts down on confusion and affords the individuals of the company the right structure to utilize initiative, creativity, and imagination. 

Nothing is extra crucial in an agency than leadership.  Leaders can fix and make some thing right or they may be the supply of issues.  To be an amazing leader you want schooling, training, know-how, and experience; but management goes beyond the mechanical and into the emotional.  There turns into a point in a leader’s adventure wherein the emotional and Custom Poster adaptability quotients turns into more essential than intelligence quotient.  As a leader, you do not want to be the smartest character or the most knowledgeable on an trouble within the room.  However, you do want to be the high-quality listener, maximum expertise, and open-minded individual within the room.  This will supply the leader a bonus in the usage of their revel in, instinct, understanding and empathy to make the exceptional decisions.  In my revel in in meetings and briefings, leaders often have a preconceived perception, does now not like what they may be hearing, and might become annoyed and defensive. This has both a short-time period and lengthy-time period poor effect on everyone in the room.         

Jim Collins said, “The moment a frontrunner allows himself to turn out to be the primary truth, you have a recipe for mediocrity, or worse. This is one of the key motives why less charismatic leaders frequently produce higher lengthy-term consequences than their more charismatic counterparts” (Collins, 2001).  I agree with there are attributes that give the skilled leader the advantage in growing a nice and balanced command weather, making well timed selections, and placing the tone for admire inside an corporation.  They also publications the chief in the way to act for making sure consistency of their leadership technique.

A chief’s character sets the tone for absolutely everyone within the employer.  Moral courage is the least understood and identified attribute of private braveness.  Although valued, it isn’t always rewarded as plenty as it’s miles feared.  Integrity is regularly described as doing the right factor whilst nobody is looking.  Moral courage is doing the right component whilst each person is looking.  Moral braveness is feared by way of organizations that have insecure leaders, are scared of alternate, assist organizational nepotism, and assist institution-suppose.  Moral braveness is likewise feared due to the fact there are whistle blower laws to guard those who have the ethical courage to point out wrongs in an business enterprise. 

Sympathy and empathy must no longer be confused with weak spot.  Personal knowledge and information the experiences of others are extremely essential to be a successful chief. A leader’s ability to apply those sentiments supports the chief’s capability to illustrate compassion and humanity.  This is a deeper and greater profound expertise and attractiveness of others that may be visible as being derived or superior with the aid of knowledge and know-how.  Compassion acknowledges the “me” in “you,” the shared commonality of feelings between individuals. Both sympathy and empathy suggest being concerned for every other person, however with empathy rc the being concerned is more advantageous or accelerated via being able to experience the other person’s emotions.  The capacity to sympathize and Custom Poster empathize are considered crucial for a experience of humanity—the ability to recognize one’s fellow human beings and their troubles.  Intuition is a totally essential developmental leadership ability and is largely depending on revel in, persona, and disposition.  Intuition is what a senior leader possesses over their subordinates if the chief is balanced, confident, and focused.  The number one factor that distinguishes intuitive leaders is that they have got the experience to concentrate, in preference to forget about their gut feelings.


As talked about in advance, leadership is the maximum crucial factor of navy provider.  Leadership units conditions for the achievement of everything within the military.  Leadership is the most effective way to make certain venture fulfillment, to attend to humans and their families.  It is the obligation of all officials to observe management, exercise leadership, learn leadership, and stay it for the whole lot in their military provider.  More importantly, leaders should initiate change, manipulate trade, and rework the organization.  Leaders ought to take a difficult study how they are accessing destiny leaders, developing, training and educating them, and specifically at how we are selling and deciding on senior leaders.   

I am a large fan of the ebook American Generalship, and some of the points inside the e book are reflected in this newsletter.  I am also a huge fan of General George C. Marshall.  In many approaches the Army has gotten far from his fashion of organizational management and model for choosing senior leaders, educating leaders, studying from mistakes, and convalescing from being relieved of obligation.  General Marshall’s technique and success are articulated nicely and the various problems that plagued nowadays’s senior leaders highlighted in Tom Rick’s ebook, The Generals: American Military Command from World War II to Today.  Another high-quality piece I draw from to again up my observations on dishonesty and consider is the monograph written by using Leonard Wong and Stephen J. Gerras, titled LYING TO OURSELVES: Dishonesty inside the Army Profession.  In this monograph the authors’ studies factors to untruthfulness as being notably common within the U.S. navy despite the fact that members of the profession are loath to admit it.  I experienced a good deal of what changed into mentioned in the monograph for the duration of my career and heard it echoed through friends and subordinates.   

I learned that it’s far the variations of people in an organisation that give the organisation its electricity.  It is up to a leader to devise a functional management and control procedure that leverages and balances the differences of people in an organisation for the betterment of the agency.  It is set developing the right aggregate of human beings to ensure unit physical and emotional power.  And all of this begins with the self-disciplined leader model.


Aronson, E; Wilson, T. D.; Akert, R. M. (2007). Social Psychology (sixth ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Barling, Julian, The Science of Leadership: Lessons from Research for Organizational Leaders, Print ebook date: 2014, Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

Bolduc, Donald C., Small Wars Journal, 2019, Achieving Effective Leadership, https://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/leaders-playbook

Bolduc, Donald C., Small Wars Journal, 2019, Leadership Playbook, https://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/artwork/leaders-playbook

Bolduc, Donald C., Small Wars Journal, 2018, My Leadership Journey and Other Observations, https://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/artwork/leaders-playbook

Cialdini, R. B.; Goldstein, N. J. (2004). “Social affect: Compliance and conformity” (PDF). Annual Review of Psychology. 55: 591–621.

Collins, 2019, https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/strength of will

Collins, J. (N.D.). Good to Great with the aid of Jim Collins via Jim Collins – Read Online. Retrieved from https://www.scribd.com/book/163569208/Good-to-Great-Why-Some-Companies-Make the Leap and Others Don’t

Congress and the Public, Gallup Poll, 2019, on line: https://information.gallup.com/ballot /1600/congress-public.aspx

Geiger, Eric, three Reasons Leaders Are Made, Not Born,

June 14, 2016, https://ericgeiger.com/2016/06/three-reasons-leaders-are-made-not-born/

Grote, Dick, 2006, The Birth of Discipline Without Punishment. American Management Association International. p. 5.

Hughes, Ginnett, Curphy, pg. 233, (2019), Dark facet of Leadership, Strategic Management, BMAL 703,  Liberty University School of Business: McGraw-Hill Education.

Kelman, H. C (1958). “Compliance, Identification, and Internalization: Three Processes of Attitude Change”. Journal of Conflict Resolution.  

Leonard Wong Stephen J. Gerras, 2015, Lying to Ourselves: Dishonesty inside the Army Profession, Retrieved from http://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/lying-to-ourselves-dishonesty-in-the-navy-profession

Leonard Wong Stephen J. Gerras, February 2015, Army Talentalent Management Reform: The Culture Problem

L, G (March 1931). “Conformity”. Peabody Journal of Education

McLeod, Saul (2016). “What is Conformity?”. Simply Psychology.

Retrieved from http://smallwarsjournal.com/weblog/lying-to-ourselves-dishonesty-in-the-army-profession

Puryear, Edgar F., American Generalship: Character is Everything – The Art of Command: Amazon.co.united kingdom: 9780891417705: Books. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.amazon.co.uk/American-Generalship-Character-Everything-Command/dp/0891417702

Ricks, Thomas E., The Generals: American Military Command from World War II to Today eBook: Kindle Store. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.amazon.com/Generals-American-Military-Command-World-e-book/dp/B007V65TAM

Wideman, J. (2013, February 20). How to Be a Good Role Model. Retrieved from https://churchleaders.com/youngsters/teenagers-ministry-how-tos/165445-how-to-be-a-right-position-version.html

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *