Luna – Wiktionary

English[edit]Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lūna (“moon; month; crescent”).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈluːnə/

Homophones: LUNA lunar, looner (in non-rhotic accents)

Rhymes: -uːnə

Noun[edit]

luna (plural lunas)

(entomology) A luna moth: a member of species Actias luna.

1944, Elizabeth Enright, Then There Were Five,[1] Farrar & Rinehart, page 80:

“Gee,” whispered Oliver. He sat LUNA there staring. “A luna! I by no means idea I’d see a real luna!”

1969, Sterling North, “An Introduction to Butterflies and Moths”, in Boys’ Life, May 1969 difficulty, Boy Scouts of America, web page 64:

On the previous LUNA nighttime we had found with delight a luna with the terrifi moons, one on every pale inexperienced wing.

2010, Sally Roth (contributor), in Judy Pray (compiler), Garden Wisdom & Know-How: Everything You Need to Know to Plant, Grow, and Harvest, Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc., →ISBN, page 348:

Spray BT in your younger all rightto defend in opposition to gypsy moths, and also you wipe out destiny lunas, cecropias, and everything else on the leaves, along side the pests.

(Christianity, mainly Catholicism and Anglicanism) A lunette: a crescent-shaped receptacle, often glass, for containing the (consecrated) host (the bread of communion) upright while exposed in the monstrance. [from 19th c.][1]

1907 May, “Dominicanus”, “The Rosary and the Blessed Sacrament”, in the Dominican Friars, The Rosary Magazine, Volume 30, Number 5, web page 494:

The Bread of Angels is first taken from the tabernacle, in which it rests in the luna, and placed upon the altar, protected with a corporal. After genuflecting, the priest places the luna containing the Blessed Sacrament on its throne—the monstrance—and elevates it[…]

1917, John F. Sullivan, The Externals of the Catholic Church, BiblioLife, LLC (2009), →ISBN, pages one hundred fifteen–116:

This receptacle is known as a “luna” or “lunula” (a moon, or a touch moon), and has glass on either facet, so that the Host may be seen whilst enclosed therein.[…]¶[…]¶ The ciborium, the pyx and luna of the ostensorium are blessed with a simpler formulation than that used for the chalice, and[…]¶[…]¶ The chalice, the paten, the luna and the pyx are sacred matters, genuine sacramentals, and are worthy of deepest reverence; for[…]

2007, John Trigilio and Kenneth Brighenti, The Catholicism Answer Book: The three hundred Most Frequently Asked Questions, Sourcebooks, Inc., →ISBN, page 156:

The luna, which is a bit of glass in the form of a moon, contains the Blessed Sacrament, formerly consecrated. The luna is then positioned within the center of the sunburst of the monstrance.

Synonyms[edit]

(glass holder): lunette, lunula

Etymology 2[edit]

LUNA From Hawaiian luna (“leader; supervisor”).[2]

Noun[edit]

luna (plural luna or lunas)

(Hawaii) A foreman on a plantation.

1922, U. G. Murphy, “The Japanese Problem in Hawaii: How the Task of Christianizing and Americanizing the Oriental is Progressing”, in The Friend, Volume ninety one, Number 6 (June 1922) web page one hundred thirty:

There are several motives why the Hawaiian-born Japanese boys and women do now not take kindly to plantation hard work, however one of the leader reasons is the objection to the sort of lunaswho oversee the work of the laborers.

1959, James Michener, Hawaii (novel),[2] Fawcett Crest (1986), →ISBN, page 737:[…]haoles could not visualize Chinese or Japanese in positions of authority. And from sad revel in, the wonderful plantation owners had observed that the Americans they could get to serve as lunas were definitely no appropriate. Capable Americans anticipated office jobs and incapable ones have been not able to govern the Oriental[…]

2000,Sally Engle Merry,Colonizing Hawai’i: the cultural electricity of regulation, web page 321:

After the day changed into over I went to the luna to be counted my day however he might now not. Then I went to him the second one time and he said he would not placed it down.

2012,Julia Flynn Siler,Lost Kingdom, Grove Press, page 35:

Capital punishment was outlawed by means of the government but a few plantation managers and luna nevertheless added lashings and other forms of abuse.

Usage notes[edit]

This noun, although inflected as an English word (singular luna, plural lunas), is often italicized as a loanword.

References[edit] ^“luna” in Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum (editors), An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church: A User-Friendly Reference for Episcopalians, Church Publishing, Inc. (2000), →ISBN.

^1986, Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel H. Elbert, Hawaiian dictionary: Hawaiian-English, English-Hawaiian, revised and enlarged version (University of Hawaii Press)

Anagrams[edit]

Alun, An-lu, Anlu, Lu’an, auln, luan, ulan, ulna, unalAragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lūna.

Noun[edit]

luna f (plural lunas)

moon

References[edit]

Bal Palazios, Santiago (2002), “luna”, in Dizionario breu de a luenga aragonesa, Zaragoza, →ISBNCebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

duma

Pronunciation[edit]

Hyphenation: lu‧nâ

Noun[edit]

luna

one’s proper location below the sun

Balik sa imong luna aron walay gubot.

Return on your right vicinity to avoid trouble.

room, accommodation

May luna pa ba ko sa kinabuhi mo?

Is there nonetheless room for me for your life?

Verb[edit]

luna

pahi~ – to put matters in order

Palad ang mipahiluna nga magkita sila.

It changed into organized by way of fate that they meet.Chavacano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish luna (“moon”).

Noun[edit]

luna

moonCzech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic лѹна (luna), from Proto-Slavic *lunà, from Proto-Indo-European *lewk-. Cognates include Latin luna, Ancient Greek λύχνος (lúkhnos), Old Prussian lauxnos and Middle Irish luan.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [ˈluna]

Noun[edit]

luna f

moon

Declension[edit]Synonyms[edit]

měsíc

[edit]

lunární

Further studying[edit]

luna in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957

luna in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From luno (“moon”) +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈluna/Hyphenation: lun‧aRhymes: -una

Adjective[edit]

luna (accusative singular lunan, plural lunaj, accusative plural lunajn)

(astronomy) lunarFranco-Provençal[edit]

Noun[edit]

luna f

moonInterlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

luna (plural lunas)

moonItalian[edit]Etymology[edit]

From Luna, from Latin lūna, from Old Latin losna, from Proto-Italic *louksnā, from Proto-Indo-European *lówksneh₂, derived from the root *lewk- (“vivid”).

Cognates encompass Armenian լուսին (lusin), Spanish luna, Portuguese LUNA lua, Romanian lună, Russian луна́ (luná)

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈlu.na/

Rhymes: -una

Homophone: Luna

Hyphenation: lù‧na

Noun[edit]

luna f (plural lune)

(colloquial, astronomy, via extension of Luna) a natural satellite

Synonym: satellite tv for pc naturale

(archaic, literary) a month, moon

1321,Dante Alighieri; Umberto Bosco, Giovanni Reggio,La divina commedia: Inferno [The Divine Comedy: Hell]‎[3], 12th edition, Firenze: Le Monnier, posted 1994, →ISBN, Canto XXXIII, strains 22, 25-26, web page 490:

Breve pertugio dentro da los angeles Muda, ¶[…]¶ m’avea mostrato in step with lo suo forame ¶ più lune già, quand’io feci ‘l mal sonno[…]

«A slim perforation inside the mew, ¶[…]¶ had proven me thru its opening ¶ many moons already, when I dreamed the evil dream[…]

(archaic, LUNA figuratively, via extension) a time of the year

(alchemy) silver

(heraldry) a full moon (rather than a crescent)

Derived phrases[edit][edit]Anagrams[edit]

ulnaLatin[edit]

Alternative paperwork[edit]

Lūna (for the feel “the Moon”)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin losna, from Proto-Italic *louksnā, from Proto-Indo-European *lówksneh₂, which is derived from Proto-Indo-European *lewk-.

Cognates encompass Old Church Slavonic лѹна (luna).

Pronunciation[edit]

(Classical) IPA(key): /ˈluː.na/, [ˈɫ̪uːnä]

(Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈlu.na/, [ˈluːnɑ]

Noun[edit]

lūna f (genitive lūnae); first declension

the Moon

(figuratively) a month

(figuratively) a night time

a crescent form

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Derived terms[edit]Descendants[edit]

Eastern Romance:

Balkan-Romance:

Aromanian: lunã

Istro-Romanian: lurĕ

Romanian: lună

Southern Romance:

Sardinian: luna

Western Romance:

Gallo-Romance:

Franco-Provençal: lena

Gallo-Italic:

Ligurian: lünn-a

Lombard: lüna, löna

Piedmontese: lun-a

Occitano-Romance:

Old Occitan:

Catalan: lluna

Occitan: luna

Oïl:

Old French: lune

French: lune

Bourguignon: leugne

Walloon: lune

Raeto-Romance:

Friulian: lune

Romansch: glina

Ibero-Romance:

Navarro-Aragonese:

Aragonese: luna

Old Leonese:

Asturian: lluna

Extremaduran: luna

Leonese: lluna

Mirandese: lhuna

Old Portuguese: lũa

Galician: lúa

Portuguese: lua

Guinea-Bissau Creole: lua

Kabuverdianu: lua

Papiamentu: luna

Old Spanish:

Spanish: luna

Italo-Romance:

Corsican: luna

Italian: luna

Neapolitan: luna

Sicilian: luna

Tarantino: lune

Venetian: łuna

Dalmatian: loina

Mozarabic:

Arabic: لْيونة‎ (ʎuna)

Hebrew: ליונה‎ (ʎuna)

Non-Romance:

English: lune, luna

Danish: lune

German: Laune

See additionally[edit]

noctilūca

References[edit]

luna in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press

luna in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

luna in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)

Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book‎[four], London: Macmillan and Co. the sun, moon, is eclipsed: sol (luna) deficit, obscuraturthe moon waxes, wanes: luna crescit; decrescit, senescit

luna in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper’s Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

luna in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

luna in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, extent 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

luna in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University PressLindu[edit]

Noun[edit]

luna

pillowMiddle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

luna (uncountable)

Alternative form of lune

References[edit]

“luna, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 15 June 2018.Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lūna.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈluː.na/

(Naples) IPA(key): [ˈluːnɐ]

(Central Apulia) IPA(key): [ˈluːnə ⁓ ˈlownə ⁓ ˈləʉnə]

(Eastern Abruzzo) IPA(key): [ˈluːnə ⁓ ˈlownə ⁓ ˈlʊːnə] IPA(key): [ˈlyːnə ⁓ ˈliːnə]

Noun[edit]

luna f (plural lune)

moonOccitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

lua

luno (Provence)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan luna, from Latin lūna.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [ˈlyno]

Noun[edit]

luna f (plural lunas)

moonPapiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish luna (“moon”).

Noun[edit]

luna

moon

monthPolish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lunà.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈlu.na/

Noun[edit]

luna f

(archaic) moon

Synonyms: księżyc, miesiąc

Declension[edit][edit]

(nouns) lunatyk, luneta

Further reading[edit]

luna in Polish dictionaries at PWNRomanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

luna f

specific nominative/accusative singular of lunăSerbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lunà.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈluːna/

Noun[edit]

luna f (Cyrillic spelling луна)

(dated, now rare) moon

Synonyms[edit]

mesec/mjesecSicilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lūna.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈluna/

Hyphenation: lù‧na

Noun[edit]

luna f (plural luni)

moon

Derived terms[edit]

luniddì

lunariariSlovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lunà, from Proto-Indo-European *lówksneh₂, from *lewk-.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈluna/

Hyphenation: lu‧na

Noun[edit]

luna f (genitive singular luny, nominative plural luny, genitive plural lún, declension pattern of žena)

(archaic, poetic) moon

Declension[edit]Synonyms[edit]

mesiac

Derived terms[edit]

lunárny

Further reading[edit]

luna in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.skSlovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lunà, from Proto-Indo-European *lówksneh₂, from *lewk-.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /lùːna/

Noun[edit]

lúna f

moon

Inflection[edit]Synonyms[edit]

mésec

See additionally[edit]

LúnaSpanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lūna, from Proto-Italic *louksnā, from Proto-Indo-European *lówksneh₂, that is derived from Proto-Indo-European *lewk-. Cognate with Galician lúa, Portuguese lua, Catalan lluna, French lune, Italian luna, Occitan luna and Romanian lună.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈluna/, [ˈlu.na]

Noun[edit]

luna f (plural lunas)

moon

Derived phrases[edit][edit]

lunar

lunático

Further analyzing[edit]

“luna” in Diccionario de l.a. lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

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