List Of Gentlemen’s Clubs In The United States – Wikipedia

The following is a list of notable traditional gentlemen’s clubs in the United States, including those that are now defunct. Historically, these clubs were exclusively for men,[1] but most (though not all) now admit women.

On exclusivity and assimilation into the upper class[edit]

Christopher Doob wrote in his book Social Inequality and Social Stratification in U.S. Society:“The most exclusive social clubs are in the oldest cities – Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington D.C. Others, which are well respected, have developed in such major cities as Pittsburgh, Chicago, and San Francisco. The most exclusive social clubs are two in New York City – the Links and the Knickerbocker (Allen 1987,25)” [2]

Doob further explains: “Personal wealth özgü never been the sole basis for attaining membership in exclusive clubs. The individual and family must meet the admissions committee’s standards for values and behavior. Old money prevails over new money as the Rockefeller family experience suggests. John D. Rockefeller, the family founder and the nation’s first billionaire, joined the Union League Club, a fairly respectable but not top-level club; John D. Rockefeller, Jr., belonged to the University Club, a step up from his father; and finally his son John D. Rockefeller, III, reached the pinnacle with his acceptance into the Knickerbocker Club (Baltzell 1989, 340).” [2]

E. Digby Baltzell explains in his book Philadelphia Gentlemen: The Making of a National Upper Class: “The circulation of elites in America and the assimilation of new men of power and influence into the upper class takes place primarily through the medium of urban clubdom. Aristocracy of birth is replaced by an aristocracy of ballot. Frederick Lewis Allen showed how this process operated in the case of the nine “Lords of Creation” who were listed in the New York Social Register as of 1905: ‘The nine men who were listed [in the Social Register] were recorded as belonging to 9.4 clubs apiece,’ wrote Allen. ‘Though only two of them, Morgan and Vanderbilt, belonged to the Knickerbocker Club (the citadel of Patrician families) [indeed, both already belonged to old prominent families], Stillman and Harriman joined these two in the membership of the almost equally fashionable Union Club; Baker joined these four in the membership of the Metropolitan Club of New York (Magnificent, but easier of access to new wealth); John D. Rockefeller, William Rockefeller, and Rogers, along with Morgan and Baker were listed as members of the Union League Club (the stronghold of Republican respectability); seven of the group belonged to the New York Yacht Club. Morgan belonged to nineteen clubs in all; Vanderbilt, to fifteen; Harriman, to fourteen.’ Allen then goes on to show how the descendants of these financial giants were assimilated into the upper class: ‘By way of footnote, it may be added that although in that year [1905] only two of our ten financiers belonged to the Knickerbocker Club, in 1933 the grandsons of six of them did. The following progress is characteristic: John D. Rockefeller, Union League Club; John D. Rockefeller, Jr., University Club; John D. Rockefeller 3rd, Knickerbocker Club. Thus is the American aristocracy recruited.’” [3]

History[edit]

The traditional gentlemen’s club originated in London (in particular the St. James’s area) in the 18th century as a successor to coffeehouses.[1] Today, these clubs also continue to operate in the United States. The five oldest existing American clubs are the South River Club in South River, Maryland (c.1690/1700), the Schuylkill Fishing Company in Andalusia, Pennsylvania (1732), the Old Colony Club in Plymouth, Massachusetts (1769), The Philadelphia Club in Philadelphia (1834), and the Union Club of the City of New York in New York City (1836).[1] The Boston Club, of New Orleans, named after the card game and not the city, is the oldest southern club, founded in 1841 and recently celebrated its 175th Anniversary (2016).[4] The five oldest existing clubs west of the Mississippi River are the Pacific Club in Honolulu (1851), the Pacific-Union Club (1852), Olympic Club (1860), and Concordia-Argonaut Club (1864), all in San Francisco, and the Arlington Club in Portland, Oregon (1867).

Present day[edit]

While most major American cities today have at least one gentlemen’s club, they are most prevalent in older cities, especially those on the East Coast.[1] As detailed below, only thirteen American cities have five or more such clubs: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Denver, Detroit, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York City, Philadelphia, San Francisco, Seattle, and Washington, D.C. Also as detailed below, New York City contains more than any other American city, including the Yale Club of New York City, the largest traditional gentlemen’s club in the world.[5] Throughout the country, though, many clubs have reciprocal relationships with the older clubs in London, with each other, and with other gentlemen’s clubs around the world.

A few American gentlemen’s clubs maintain separate “city” and “country” clubhouses, essentially functioning as both a traditional gentlemen’s club in one location and a country club in another: the Piedmont Driving Club in Atlanta, the Wisconsin Club in Milwaukee,[6] the New York Athletic Club in New York City, the Union League of Philadelphia, the Missouri Athletic Club in St. Louis, and the Olympic Club in San Francisco. Similarly, the Jonathan Club in Los Angeles functions as a traditional gentlemen’s club in one location and a beach club in another.

Because the term “gentlemen’s club” is commonly used in the United States to refer euphemistically to strip clubs, traditional gentlemen’s clubs often are referred to as “men’s clubs” or “city clubs” (as opposed to country clubs) or simply as “private social clubs” or just “private clubs”. For other meanings and nuances of the word “club”, see club.

List[edit]

Alabama[edit]

Birmingham

The Birmingham Athletic Club (1886–1926), became insolvent[7]

The Birmingham Athletic Club (1999–2009), became insolvent[8]

The Club (1951)[9][10]

The Phoenix Club (1883–1926), moved to Shades Mountain and became a country club[11]

The Southern Club (1883-1931), became insolvent[12]

Mobile

The Athelstan Club (1875)[13]

The Bienville Club (1967–2013), became insolvent[14]

The International Trade Club (1966-2009), became insolvent[15]

Tuscaloosa

The University Club of the University of Alabama (1944)[16][17]

Alaska[edit]

Anchorage

The Petroleum Club of Anchorage (1958)[18][19]

Arizona[edit]

Phoenix

The Arizona Club (1894–2009), became insolvent[20][21]

The University Club of Phoenix (1965)[20][22]

Tempe

The University Club of Arizona State University (1989)[23][24]

The University Club of Arizona State University

Tucson

The Mountain Oyster Club (1948)[25][26]

Arkansas[edit]

Little Rock

The Little Rock Club (1969)[27][28]

California[edit]

Bakersfield

The Petroleum Club of Bakersfield (1952)[29][30]

Berkeley

The Berkeley City Club (1927)

The Berkeley Faculty Club (1902)[31][32]

The Berkeley Faculty Club

Eureka

The Ingomar Club (1950)

Fresno

The Downtown Club (1963-2013), became insolvent[33]

Long Beach

The Long Beach Petroleum Club (1953)[34][35]

Los Angeles

The Academy of Magical Arts (1952)

The California Club (1887)

The Jonathan Club (1895)

The Los Angeles Athletic Club (1880)

The Regency Club (1981-2011), became insolvent[36]

The University Club of Los Angeles (1898-1992), became insolvent[37]

Modesto

Old Fisherman’s Club

Monterey

Pacheco Club (1957)[38][39]

Newport Beach

The Pacific Club (1981), which presents the Lott Trophy[40][41]

Oakland

The Bellevue Club (1929) (Never a gentlemen’s club, it was exclusively for women until 1973)[42][43]

The Lakeview Club (1984-2000), became insolvent[44]

Palo Alto

The Stanford Faculty Club (1908)[45][46]

The University Club of Palo Alto (1952)[47][48]

Pasadena

The Athenaeum at Caltech (1930)

The Pasadena Athletic Club (1926-2007), became insolvent[49]

The University Club of Pasadena (1922)[50][51]

Sacramento

The Sutter Club (1889)[52][53]

San Diego

The Faculty Club (1975)[54][55]

The University Club of San Diego (1896)[56][57]

San Francisco

Bankers Club

The Bohemian Club (1872), which hosts the Bohemian Grove retreat

The Cercle de l’Union (“the French Club”) (1905)[58][59]

The City Club of San Francisco (1930), until 1987 called the Pacific Stock Exchange Lunch Club[60][61]

The Concordia-Argonaut Club (1864)[62][63]

The Family (1901), founded by members of the Bohemian Club who left in a dispute

The Marines Memorial Club (1946)

The Norwegian Club of San Francisco (1898)

The Olympic Club (1860)

The Pacific-Union Club (1852)

The University Club of San Francisco (1890)

The Villa Taverna (1960)[64][65]

San Jose

The Metropolitan University Club (1936-1990), created from merger of previous Metropolitan Social & Athletic Club (1936) and University Club of San Jose (1957), became insolvent[66]

The Sainte Claire Club (1895)[66][67]

The Silicon Valley Athletic Club (1981), until 2012 called the San Jose Athletic Club[66][68][69]

The Sainte Claire Club

Santa Barbara

The Faculty Club (1963)[70][71]

The Santa Barbara Club (1892)[72][73][74]

The University Club of Santa Barbara (1923)[74][75]

The University Club of Santa Barbara

Stockton

The Yosemite Club (1888-2010), became insolvent[76][77]

Colorado[edit]

Colorado Springs

The El Paso Club (1877)[78][79]

Denver

The Cactus Club (1911)[80]

The Denver Athletic Club (1884)[81]

The Denver Club (1880–1995), Denver’s oldest club, became insolvent; had contained two singles and one doubles squash courts[82]

The Denver Petroleum Club (1948)[83][84]

The Denver Press Club (1877),[85][86] the oldest existing press club in the United States

The University Club of Denver (1891)[87][88]

Connecticut[edit]

Greenwich

The Field Club (1908)[89][90]

Hartford

The Hartford Club (1873)

New Haven

The Graduate Club (1892)[91][92][93]

Mory’s Association (1849)

The New Haven Lawn Club (1891)[94]

The Quinnipiack Club (1871)[91][93][95]

New London

The Thames Club (1869)[96][97]

Waterbury

The Waterbury Club (1881-2009), became insolvent[98]

Delaware[edit]

Wilmington

The Wilmington Club (1855)[99]

The University Club of Wilmington (1924-1958), merged with the Wilmington Whist Club to become the University and Whist Club[99]

The University and Whist Club (1891)[99][100]

The Wilmington Club

District of Columbia[edit]

Washington

The Alibi Club (1884)

The Army and Navy Club (1885)[101]

The Arts Club of Washington (1916)

The Capitol Hill Club (The National Republican Club) (1951)

The City Tavern Club (1959)[102]

The Cosmos Club (1878)

The George Town Club (1966)[103][104]

The Metropolitan Club (1863)[105]

The National Press Club (1908)

The Racquet Club of Washington (1920-1936), merged into the University Club of Washington, D.C.[106]

The Sulgrave Club (1922)[107]

The University Club of Washington, DC (1904)[108][109]

The Washington Club (1891-2013), merged into the University Club of Washington, D.C.[110]

Florida[edit]

Jacksonville

The River Club of Jacksonville (1954)[111][112]

Miami

The Bankers Club (1972-2014),[113][114][115]

The Brickell Club (1988-1995), became insolvent[116][117]

The City Club (1984-1994), merged with the Miami Club to become the Miami City Club[116]

The Miami City Club (1994-2011), became insolvent[118]

The Miami Club (1921-1994), merged with the City Club to become the Miami City Club[116]

The Standard Club of Greater Miami (1961-1990), became insolvent[116]

The University Club of Miami(1954-1995), became insolvent[116][119]

Naples

The Collier Athletic Club (1985-2010), became insolvent[120]

Orlando

The University Club of Orlando (1926)[121][122]

North Palm Beach

The City Club of the Palm Beaches (1990-2010), became insolvent[123]

Sarasota

The University Club of Sarasota (1969-2009), went bankrupt[124]

Surfside

The Surf Club (1930)[125][126]

Tallahassee

The Governor’s Club (1982)[127][128]

Tampa

The Tampa Club (1982)[129][130]

The University Club of Tampa (1946)[131][132]

Georgia[edit]

Atlanta

The Burns Club Atlanta (1896)

The Capital City Club (1883)

The Cherokee Town and Country Club (1956)[133][134]

The Georgian Club (1982-2020)[135][136]

The Piedmont Driving Club (1887)

The Standard Club (1866–1983), moved to Johns Creek, Georgia, and became a country club

Augusta

The Pinnacle Club (1967)[137][138]

Macon

The City Club of Macon (1992–2008), became insolvent[139][140]

The Side Porch Lounge of Stanislaus (2005)

Savannah

The Chatham Club (1968)[141][142]

The Oglethorpe Club (1870)[143][144][145]

The Oglethorpe Club

Hawaii[edit]

Honolulu

The Commercial Club (1906-1963), became insolvent[146]

The Pacific Club (1851)[146][147]

The University Club of Honolulu (1905-1930), merged into the Pacific Club[146]

Outrigger Canoe Club (1908)

Idaho[edit]

Boise

The Arid Club (1890)[148][149]

Illinois[edit]

Chicago

The Arts Club of Chicago

The Casino Club (1914)[150]

The Caxton Club (1895)

The Chicago Athletic Association (1890-2007), went bankrupt[151]

The Chicago Club (1869)

Chicago Yacht Club

The Cliff Dwellers Club (1907)[152]

The Covenant Club

Columbia Yacht Club of Chicago

Lake Shore Athletic Club (1927-1977)

The Metropolitan Club

The Mid America Club

The Quadrangle Club (1893)

The Racquet Club of Chicago (1923)

The Sky-Line Club

The Tavern Club

The Tower Club

The Standard Club (1869)[153][154]

The Union League of Chicago (1879)

The University Club of Chicago (1887)

Decatur

The Decatur Club (1883)[155][156]

Moline

The Moline Commercial Club (1907–1933), became insolvent[157]

Oakbrook Terrace

The DuPage Club (1984)[158][159]

Peoria

The Creve Coeur Club (1894)[160][161]

Rockford

The University Club of Rockford (1911)[162][163]

Springfield

The Sangamo Club (1890)[164][165]

Wilmette

The Michigan Shores Club (1904), until 1943 called the Shawnee Club[166][167]

Indiana[edit]

Bloomington

The University Club of Indiana University (1958)[168]

Evansville

The Evansville Petroleum Club (1948-2006), became insolvent[169]

Fort Wayne

The Summit Club (~1967-2008), became insolvent[170]

Indianapolis

The Antelope Club (1947) [171]

The Columbia Club (1889)[172]

The Indianapolis Athletic Club (1920-2004), became insolvent[173]

The Indianapolis Press Club (1934-2004), became insolvent, but still operates a charitable foundation[174]

IUPUI University Club (1988) [175]

The University Club of Indianapolis (1893)[176]

The Marion Club (1888-1928), became insolvent and sold clubhouse [177]

New Albany

The Calumet Club (1919-1932), ceased existence but held reunions up until 1975[178]

South Bend

The Summit Club (1967-2012), became insolvent[179]

Iowa[edit]

Davenport

The Davenport Club (1945-1993), became insolvent[180]

The Outing Club (1891)[181]

Des Moines

The Des Moines Club (1909-2002), merged with the Embassy Club to become the Des Moines Embassy Club[182]

The Des Moines Embassy Club (1909), formed in 2002 from the merger of the Embassy Club and Des Moines Club[182][183]

The Embassy Club (1946-2002), merged with the Des Moines Club to become the Des Moines Embassy Club[182]

Iowa City

The University Club of Iowa City (1917-2018)[184][185]

Kansas[edit]

Hutchinson

The Hutchinson Town Club (1947)[186][187]

Kansas City

The Kansas City Athletic Club (1887)

Topeka

The Top of the Tower Club (1968)[188][189]

Wichita

The Petroleum Club of Wichita (1949)[190]

The Wichita Club (1889-1996), merged into the Petroleum Club of Wichita[191]

Kentucky[edit]

Covington

The Metropolitan Club (1991)[192][193]

Lexington

The Club at Spindletop Hall (1965)[194][195]

The Lexington Club (1860)[196][197][198][199]

Louisville

The Pendennis Club (1881)

The University Club of Louisville (1991)[200][201]

The Louisville Thoroughbred Society (2018)[202]

Owensboro

The Campbell Club (1959) – Permanently closed on December 21, 2018[203]

The Campbell Club

Louisiana[edit]

Baton Rouge

The Camelot Club (1967)[204][205] The Camelot Club is now defunct.

The City Club (1957)[206][207]

The City Club of Baton Rouge

Lafayette

The Petroleum Club of Lafayette (1953)[208][209]

Lake Charles

The Pioneer Club (1948)[210][211]

Monroe

The Lotus Club (1920)[212]

Morgan City

The Petroleum Club of Morgan City (1966)[213]

New Orleans

The Boston Club (1841), oldest in the South.[214]

The Louisiana Club (1872)[215]

Le Moyne de Bienville Club (1964)[216]

The New Orleans Athletic Club (1872)[217][218]

The Pickwick Club (1857)[219]

The Round Table Club (1898)[214]

The Stratford Club (1897)[220]

The Zulu Social Aid& Pleasure Club(1909)[221]

The Boston Club

The Chess, Checkers, & Whist Club (1883-1932)

The Harmony Club (1896-1930)

Shreveport

The Cambridge Club (1982-2009), became insolvent[222]

The Petroleum Club of Shreveport (1948)[223][224]

The Shreveport Club (1946)[222][225]

The University Club of Shreveport (1979-2011), became insolvent[222]

Maine[edit]

Bangor

The Tarratine Club (1884-1991)[226][227]

Portland

The Cumberland Club (1877)[228][229]

The Portland Club (1886)[229]

The Woodfords Club (1913)[229][230]

Maryland[edit]

Baltimore

The Center Club (1962)[231][232]

The Engineers Club (1905)[233][234]

The Johns Hopkins Club (1899)

The Maryland Club (1857)[235][236]

South River

The South River Club (c.1690); oldest existing gentlemen’s club in North America

Massachusetts[edit]

Amherst

The University of Massachusetts University Club (1935)[237][238]

Andover

The Lanam Club (1957)[239]

Boston

The Algonquin Club (1885)

The Anthology Club (1804-1811), which founded the Boston Athenæum

The Boston Athletic Association (1887-1936), lost clubhouse amidst the Great Depression, continues to exist as a society organizing races, including the Boston Marathon

The Boston City Club (1906)

The Badminton & Tennis Club (1908)

The Boston College Club (1913)[240][241]

The Club of Odd Volumes (1887)

The Harvard Club of Boston (1908)

The Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association (1795-1959), lost clubhouse and moved to Quincy, Massachusetts, where it became a charity fund

The St. Botolph Club (1880)[242][243]

The Somerset Club (1852)

The Tavern Club (1884)

The Tennis and Racquet Club (1902)

The Union Boat Club (1851)

The Union Club of Boston (1863)

The University Club of Boston (1891)[244][245]

The Wardroom Club of Boston (1899), Founded in 1899 as a direct result of the Spanish–American War, is based in the old Charlestown Navy Yard

Cambridge

The Harvard Faculty Club (1920)[246][247]

Fall River

The Quequechan Club (1861)

Fitchburg

The Fay Club (1910)[248]

Lenox

The Lenox Club (1864)[249][250]

Lowell

The Yorick Club (1882-1979), went bankrupt

New Bedford

The Wamsutta Club (1866)

Newburyport

The Dalton Club (1898)

Plymouth

The Old Colony Club (1769), third oldest existing gentlemen’s club in the United States (behind the South River Club and the Schuylkill Fishing Company)[251][252]

Quincy

The Neighborhood Club (1916)[253][254]

Springfield

The Colony Club (1915)[255][256]

Worcester

The Worcester Club (1888)[257]

Michigan[edit]

Calumet

The Miscowaubik Club (1903)[258]

Detroit

The Wisconsin Book Club of Detroit (1957)

The Detroit Athletic Club (1887)

The Detroit Club (1882)

The Detroit Racquet Club (1902)[259][260]

The Harmonie Club (1849-1974), became insolvent

The Players (1910)

East Lansing

The University Club of Michigan State University (1962)[261][262]

Grand Rapids

The Peninsular Club (1881-2008), became insolvent[263]

The Press Club (1953-2004), merged into the University Club of Grand Rapids[264]

The University Club of Grand Rapids (1923)[264][265]

Iron Mountain

The Chippewa Club (1945)[266][267]

Kalamazoo

The Beacon Club (1947)[268][269]

The Park Club of Kalamazoo(1904)[270][271]

Saginaw

The Saginaw Club (1889)[272]

Minnesota[edit]

Bloomington

The Decathlon Club (1968-2000), was damaged in fire and did not reopen[273][274]

Duluth

Kitchi Gammi Club (1883)[275][276]

The Kitchi Gammi Club

Minneapolis

The Campus Club (1911)[277][278]

The Minneapolis Athletic Club (1915-1998), became insolvent[279]

The Minneapolis Club (1883)

Saint Paul

The Minnesota Club (1910-2000), became insolvent[280]

The St. Paul Athletic Club (1917-1991), became insolvent[281]

The University Club of Saint Paul (1912)[282][283]

The University Club of Saint Paul

Mississippi[edit]

Gulfport

The Great Southern Club (1988)[284][285]

Jackson

The Capital Club (1947)[286][287]

Missouri[edit]

Clayton

The Saint Louis Club (1961)[288][289]

The University Club of St. Louis (1872-2007), became insolvent[290]

The Whittemore House Club (1969)[291][292]

The Whittemore House Club

Columbia

The University Club of Missouri University (1895)[293][294]

Kansas City

The Kansas City Athletic Club (1887-1997), moved to Kansas City, Kansas

The Kansas City Club (1882-2015), went bankrupt

The Progress Club (1881-1928), moved and became the Oakwood Country Club[295]

The River Club (1948)[296][297]

The University Club of Kansas City (1901-1999), merged into the Kansas City Club[298][299]

The University Club of Kansas City (1920-2001); the Kansas City Club (2001–2015)

The Progress Club (1893-1928)

The River Club

Springfield

The Tower Club (1987-2017), closed in early 2017 and reopened as a public venue [300][301]

St. Joseph

The Benton Club (1887)[302][303][304][305]

The Benton Club

St. Louis

The Missouri Athletic Club (1903), which awards the Hermann Trophy

The Noonday Club (1893–2008), merged into the Missouri Athletic Club[306][307][308][309]

The Racquet Club of St. Louis (1906), which funded Charles Lindbergh’s Spirit of St. Louis[310][311][312][313]

The St. Louis Club (1886–1925), was damaged in fire and did not reopen[314]

The University Club of St. Louis (1872–1974), moved to Clayton, Missouri[315]

The Racquet Club of St. Louis

The St. Louis Club (1899–1925)

The University Club of St. Louis (1917–1974)

Montana[edit]

Billings

The Billings Petroleum Club (1954)[316][317]

Butte

The Silver Bow Club (1906-1930), became insolvent[318]

Helena

Montana Club (1885)[319][320] Its 1905 new building was designed by noted architect Cass Gilbert with attention to style of traditional London gentlemen’s clubs.NRHP-listed within Helena Historic District.Its floor design includes white swastikas.

Miles City

The Miles City Club (1884)[321]

Nebraska[edit]

Lincoln

The Nebraska Club (1954)[322][323]

The University Club of Lincoln (1923-1999), became insolvent, members joined Nebraska Club[323]

Omaha

The Omaha Press Club (1955)[324][325]

New Hampshire[edit]

Portsmouth

The One Hundred Club (2003)[326][327]

The Warwick Club (1892)[328]

New Jersey[edit]

Florham Park

The Park Avenue Club (1894)[329][330]

Montclair

The Commonwealth Club (1904)[331][332]

Morristown

The Morristown Club (1884)[333][334]

Newark

The 744 Club (1958-1991), became insolvent[335]

The Downtown Club (1914-1983), became insolvent[335]

The Essex Club (1876-1992), became insolvent[335]

The Newark Athletic Club (1850-1965), became insolvent[335]

New Brunswick

The Rutgers Club (1957)[336][337]

Ocean City

The Riverboat Club (1964-2017), closed due to expensive fire code violations[338]

Princeton

The Nassau Club (1889)[339][340]

The Prospect House Club (1968)[341]

Trenton

The Trenton Club (1884-2013), became insolvent[342][343]

New Mexico[edit]

Albuquerque

The Albuquerque Petroleum Club (1956-2007), became insolvent[344]

The Albuquerque Press Club (1965)[345][346][347]

New York[edit]

Albany

The Fort Orange Club (1880)[348][349]

The University Club of Albany (1901)[350]

Binghamton

The Binghamton Club (1880)[351][352]

Buffalo

The Buffalo Club (1867)[353][354]

The Saturn Club (1885)[355]

The University Club of Buffalo (1894-1980), became insolvent[356]

Elmira

The Elmira City Club (1889)[357][358]

Jamestown

The Jamestown Town Club (1929)[359][360]

Greene County

Ace Of Clubs – Known by locals as “the best strip club in New York” but to visitors as it states on its sign it is known as “The Only Strip Club in the Catskills” Chub free since 2005.

New York City

Clubs affiliated with university alumni groups:

The Cornell Club of New York (1889)

The Harvard Club of New York (1887)

The Columbia University Club of New York (1901-1973), continues to exist “in residence” at The Penn Club of New York[361]

The NYU Club lost clubhouse in 1989, continues to exist “in residence” at the Princeton Club of New York[362]

The Penn Club of New York City (1901)

The Princeton Club of New York (1866; incorporated as Club 1899)

The Williams Club (1913-2010), lost clubhouse, continues to exist “in residence” at the Princeton Club of New York

The Yale Club of New York City (1897), the largest private club in the world,[5] which awarded the Heisman Trophy in 2002 and 2003

The Brook (1903)

The Century Association (1847)

The Coffee House Club (1914)[363][364]

The Chemists’ Club (1898-1970), lost clubhouse, continues to exist as an “inner club” of the Penn Club of New York City[365][366]

The Collectors Club of New York (1896)

The Down Town Association (1859)

The Downtown Athletic Club (1926-2002), founded the Heisman Trophy and awarded it each year until irreparably damaged in the September 11 attacks

The Engineers Club (1888-1979), went bankrupt and lost clubhouse[367]

The Explorers Club (1904)

The Friars’ Club (1904)

The Grolier Club (1884)

The Harmonie Club (1852)

The India House Club (1914)[368]

The Knickerbocker Club (1871)

The Leash (1925)[369]

The Links Club (1921)[370]

The Lotos Club (1870)

The Metropolitan Club (1891)

The Montauk Club (1891)

The National Arts Club (1898)

The New York Athletic Club (1868)

The New York Yacht Club (1844)

The Nippon Club (1905)

The Norwood Club (2007)

The Players (1888)

The Racquet and Tennis Club (1876)

The River Club of New York (1929)[371][372]

The Salmagundi Club (1871)

The Soldiers’, Sailors’, Marines’, Coast Guard and Airmen’s Club (1919)

The Spanish Benevolent Society (1868)

The Squadron A Association (1884-1941), lost clubhouse, continues to exist as an “inner club” of the Women’s National Republican Club

The Union Club (1836), second oldest existing gentlemen’s city club in the United States behind The Philadelphia Club)

The Union League Club of New York (1863)

The University Club of New York (1865)

The Whitehall Club (1908-1992)

Poughkeepsie

The Amrita Club (1873-1980), became insolvent

Rochester

The Genesee Valley Club (1885)[373][374][375]

The University Club of Rochester (1909-1999), went bankrupt[376]

The Genesee Valley Club

Schenectady

The Mohawk Club (1885)[377][378]

Syracuse

The Century Club of Syracuse (1876)[379][380]

Utica

The City Club of Utica (1888-1975), became insolvent[381]

The Fort Schuyler Club (1883)[381][382][383]

North Carolina[edit]

Charlotte

The Charlotte Athletic Club (1968-1991), merged into the Tower Club[384]

The Charlotte City Club (1947)[385][386]

The Tower Club (1984-2004), merged into the Charlotte City Club[387]

Durham

The University Club of North Carolina (1987)[388]

Gastonia

The City Club of Gastonia (1985-2012), went bankrupt[389]

Greensboro

The Greensboro City Club (1971-2005), became insolvent[390]

Hickory

The Hickory Sportsman’s Club (1985)[391]

High Point

The String and Splinter Club (1957)[392][393]

Raleigh

The Capital City Club (1979-2009), merged with the Cardinal Club to become the Downtown Clubs of Raleigh[394]

The Cardinal Club (1979-2009), merged with the Capital City Club to become the Downtown Clubs of Raleigh[394]

The Downtown Clubs of Raleigh (1979)[394][395]

Wilmington

The Cape Fear Club (1866)[396]

The City Club at de Rosset (1998)[397][398]

Winston-Salem

The Piedmont Club (1986)[399][400]

The Twin City Club (1885-2010), became insolvent[400]

Ohio[edit]

Akron

The Akron City Club (1915-2003), became insolvent[401]

Cincinnati

The Bankers Club (1946-2009), became insolvent[402]

The Business Men’s Club (1896-1924), merged into the Cincinnati Club[403]

The Cincinnati Athletic Club (1853)[404]

The Cincinnati Club (1889-1983), became insolvent[403]

The Cincinnati Faculty Club (1968)[405][406]

The Cincinnati Women’s Club (1894) [407]

The Cuvier Press Club (1911-1973), became insolvent

The Literary Club of Cincinnati (1849)[408]

Miami Boat Club (1897) [409]

The Phoenix Club (1859-1911), merged into the Business Men’s Club[403]

Stumps (1900) [410]

The Queen City Club (1874)[411]

The University Club of Cincinnati (1879)[412][413]

Cleveland

The Cleveland Athletic Club (1908-2007), went bankrupt[414]

The Cleveland Club (1872-1939), became insolvent amidst the Great Depression[415]

The Hermit Club (1904)[416][417]

The Rowfant Club (1892)[418]

The Tavern Club (1892)

The Union Club (1872)[415][419]

The University Club of Cleveland[420] (1898-2002), became insolvent[421][422]

The Rowfant Club

The Union Club

Columbus

The Athletic Club of Columbus (1916)

Aubergine Private Dining Club (1990) [423]

Columbus Club (1886)[424][425]

The Ohio State University Faculty Club (1939)[426][427]

The Columbus Club

Dayton

The Engineers Club of Dayton (1914)[428]

Massillon

The Massillon Club (1917-2011), became insolvent[429]

Toledo

The Toledo Club (1889)[430][431]

The Toledo Club

Youngstown

The Youngstown Club (1902-2012), became insolvent[432]

Oklahoma[edit]

Edmond

The Petroleum Club of Oklahoma City (1956)[433][434]

Norman

The University Club of the University of Oklahoma (1925)[435][436]

Oklahoma City

The Beacon Club (1942)[437][438]

The Petroleum Club of Oklahoma City (1956)[433]

Tulsa

The Summit (1967)[439][440]

The Tulsa Petroleum Club (1950-2011), became insolvent[441]

The Tulsa Press Club (1906)[442][443]

Tulsa Club Hotel (1927), originally the Tulsa Club[444]

Oregon[edit]

Eugene

The Town Club (1950-2007), became insolvent[445]

Portland

The Arlington Club (1867)

The Founders Club (1984)[446]

The Multnomah Athletic Club (1891)

The University Club of Portland (1898)[447]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Andalusia

The Schuylkill Fishing Company (1732), second-oldest existing gentlemen’s club in North America (behind the South River Club)

Bethlehem

The Bethlehem Club (1909-2007), became insolvent[448]

The University Club of Bethlehem (1911)

Catasauqua

The Catasauqua Club (1897)[449]

Easton

The Pomfret Club (1882)[450][451]

Erie

The Erie Club (1882)[452]

Harrisburg

The Tuesday Club (1962-2002), became insolvent[453]

Lancaster

The Hamilton Club (1889) [454][455]

Philadelphia

The Down Town Club (1897-1995), became insolvent and reopened as public event space[456][457]

The Engineers Club of Philadelphia (1877-1990), lost clubhouse, continues to exist as an “inner club” of the Racquet Club of Philadelphia[457][458]

The Franklin Inn Club (1902)[459][460]

The Locust Club (1926-1999), became insolvent[461]

The Mask and Wig Club (1889)[462]

The Midday Club (1929-1978), became insolvent[463]

The Pen & Pencil Club (1892)

The Penn Club of Philadelphia (1875)

The Philadelphia Club (1834), fourth oldest existing gentlemen’s club in the United States (behind the South River Club, the Schuylkill Fishing Company, and the Old Colony Club)

The Poor Richard Club (1925-1980), became insolvent

The Princeton Club (1868-1979), became insolvent

The Racquet Club of Philadelphia (1889)

The Rittenhouse Club (1883-1991), lost clubhouse, continues to exist as an “inner club” of the Acorn Club, a women’s club[464][465]

The Union League of Philadelphia (1862)

The University Club at Penn (1898), previously called the Lenape Club[466][467]

The Vesper Club (1901-2012), lost clubhouse, briefly continued to exist as an “inner club” of the Racquet Club of Philadelphia, but then was evicted from Racquet Club when refused to obey a new, clubwide smoking ban[468][469]

Pittsburgh

The Allegheny Harvard-Yale-Princeton Club (1930)

The Concordia Club (1874-2009), became insolvent

The Duquesne Club (1873)

The Pittsburgh Athletic Association (1908)

The Union Club of Pittsburgh (1903)[470]

The University Club of Pittsburgh (1923)[471][472]

Pottsville

The Pottsville Club (1888)[473]

Scranton

The Scranton Club (1895-2010), became insolvent[474]

State College

The University Club of State College (1908)[475][476]

The University Club of State College

Wilkes-Barre

The Westmoreland Club (1873)[477][478]

Wilkinsburg

The Pennwood Club (1904-1916)[479]

Williamsport

The Ross Club (1890).[480][481] ‘To the best of my knowledge the Ross Club is now defunct.The building was acquired by the First Community Foundation of PA’

York

The Lafayette Club (1898-2012), became insolvent[482]

Rhode Island[edit]

East Providence

The Squantum Association (1870)

Newport

The Clambake Club of Newport (1895)

The New York Yacht Club (1844) (summer station)

The Newport Reading Room (1854)

Pawtucket

The To Kalon Club (1867-2010), became insolvent[483][484]

Providence

The Hope Club (1875)[485][486][487]

The Turk’s Head Club (defunct)

The University Club of Providence (1899)[488][489][490]

South Carolina[edit]

Aiken

The Aiken Tennis Club (1898)

The Green Boundary Club (1956)[491][492]

Camden

The Springdale Hall Club (1950)[493][494]

Charleston

The Charleston Club (1852)[495]

Columbia

The Palmetto Club (1956)[496][497]

The Summit Club (1972-2010), merged into the Palmetto Club[496][497]

Greenville

The Poinsett Club (1935)[498][499]

Rock Hill

The City Club of Rock Hill (1998)[500][501]

Spartanburg

The Piedmont Club (1941)[502][503]

Tennessee[edit]

Chattanooga

The Mountain City Club (1889)[504][505]

The Walden Club (1975)[506][507]

Memphis

The Racquet Club of Memphis (1957)[508]

The Rex Club (1861–1942), moved and became the Ridgeway Country Club[509]

The Summit Club (1972–2003), became insolvent[510]

The Tennessee Club (1875–1987), became insolvent[509]

The University Club of Memphis (1907)[511][512]

Nashville

The Nashville City Club (1957)[513][514]

The University Club of Nashville (1962)[515][516]

Texas[edit]

Abilene

The Petroleum Club of Abilene (1950–2000), became insolvent[517]

Amarillo

The Amarillo Club (1947)[518][519]

Austin

The Austin Club (1949)[520]

The Campus Club (1972)[521][522]

The University Club [523]

The Headliner’s Club of Austin (1945) [524]

Beaumont

The Beaumont Club (1921)[525][526]

Corpus Christi

The Corpus Christi Town Club (1952-2015), declared bankruptcy and closed.[527][528]

Dallas

The City Club (1918)[529][530]

The Dallas Petroleum Club (1934)[531][532]

The Faculty Club of Southern Methodist University (1921)[533][534]

The Park City Club (1984)[535][536][537]

Salesmanship Club of Dallas (1920)

El Paso

The El Paso Club (1963)[538][539]

Fort Worth

The City Club of Fort Worth (1984)[540][541]

The Fort Worth Club (1885), named the Commercial Club until 1906[541][542]

The Petroleum Club of Fort Worth (1953)[541][543]

The Fort Worth Club

Houston

The Briar Club (1949)

The Coronado Club (1956)[544][545]

The Houston Club (1894)

The Petroleum Club of Houston (1946)[546][547]

Longview

The Summit Club (1980)[548][549]

Lubbock

The Lubbock Club (1951-2010), became insolvent[550]

Midland

The Petroleum Club of Midland (1947)[551][552]

San Antonio

The Argyle Club (1955)[553][554]

Club Giraud (1983)[554][555]

The Petroleum Club of San Antonio (1980)[554][556]

The San Antonio Club (1945-2005), became insolvent[554][557]

The St. Anthony Club (1956-1993), became insolvent[554][558]

Wichita Falls

The Wichita Club (1918-2010), became insolvent[559]

Utah[edit]

Salt Lake City

The Alta Club (1883)

The University Club of Salt Lake City (1904-1993), became insolvent[560]

Vermont[edit]

Burlington

The Ethan Allen Club (1857-2010), became insolvent[561]

Virginia[edit]

Charlottesville

The Colonnade Club (1907)[562][563]

Norfolk

The Harbor Club (1968-2007), became insolvent[564]

The Virginia Club (1873)[565][566]

Richmond

The 2300 Club (1964-2017[567])[568][569]

The Bull and Bear Club (1966-2015[570])[569][571]

The Commonwealth Club (1890)

The Downtown Club (1953-2006), became insolvent[572]

Roanoke

The Shenandoah Club (1893) is the oldest, continuously-operating private club in Virginia.[573]

Virginia Beach

The Town Center City Club (2003)[574][575][576]

Warrenton

The Fauquier Club (1902)[577][578][579]

Washington[edit]

Bellevue

The Harbor Club (1959)[580][581]

The Bellevue Club (1979)[582][583]

Seattle

The Arctic Club (1908–1971), became insolvent

The College Club of Seattle (1910)[584][585]

The Harbor Club (1959–2015)[580][581][585]

The Rainier Club (1888)

The University Club of Seattle (1900)[585][586]

The University of Washington Club (1913)[587][588]

The Washington Athletic Club (1930)

The University Club of Seattle

Spokane

The Spokane Club (1890)[589][590][591]

The Spokane Club

Wisconsin[edit]

La Crosse

The La Crosse Club (1882)[592][593]

Madison

The Madison Club (1909)[594][595]

The University Club of the University of Wisconsin (1906)[596][597]

The Madison Club

Milwaukee

The Milwaukee Athletic Club (1882)

The Milwaukee Club (1882)[598][599]

The University Club of Milwaukee (1898)

The Wisconsin Club (1891)[6][600][601]

The Milwaukee Club

The Wisconsin Club

Racine

The Somerset Club (1892)

Wausau

The Wausau Club (1901-2004), became insolvent

Wyoming[edit]

Casper

The Casper Petroleum Club (1949-2016), closed permanently on October 1, 2016 [602][603]

See also[edit]

List of gentlemen’s clubs in India

List of gentlemen’s clubs in London

List of gentlemen’s clubs in Sri Lanka

List of traditional gentlemen’s and working men’s club buildings

List of women’s club buildings

Further reading[edit]

“Club men of New York: their occupations, and business and home addresses”, New York : The Republic press [etc.], 1893. Cf. starting at p. 39.

Seth Alexander Thévoz, Global Clubs Directory

Notes[edit]^ a b c d Whitaker’s Almanack 2008. A&C Black. 2008. ISBN 978-0-7136-8554-1.

^ a b Doob, Christopher (27 August 2015). Social Inequality and Social Stratification in U.S. Society. ISBN 9781317344216.

^ Digby Baltzell, E. (31 December 2011). Philadelphia Gentlemen: The Making of a National Upper Class. ISBN 9781412830751.

^ https://specialcollections.tulane.edu/archon/?p=collections/findingaid&id=44

^ a b Yale Club of New York City – About the Club

^ a b Tom Daykin, “Brynwood joins Wisconsin Club: Private clubs will share name, facilities purchase is possible,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (Oct. 20, 2009)

^ “The Birmingham Athletic Club, Birmingham’s Premier Sports Venue of the Early 1900s,” Jefferson County Historical Association Newsletter (July 2013)

^ Michael Tomberlin, “High-end club ordered to hisse bank,” Birmingham News (Nov. 18, 2009)

^ The Club (Birmingham) (official site) Archived 2008-10-05 at the Wayback Machine

^ Hannah Wolfson, “Conflict over changes continues at The Club,” Birmingham News (Jan. 25, 2008)

^ Bham Wiki, “Phoenix Club” (retrieved Mar. 24, 2014)

^ T.H. Benners, Jr., “Birmingham’s Southern Club,” 19 Alabama Review 233-37 (July 1966)

^ http://athelstanclub.org/subpage.asp?pageID=64

^ Michael Brannon, “Bienville Club to close its doors,” FOX10TV.com (May 28, 2013) Archived June 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine

^ Kaija Wilkinson, “Mobile’s International Trade Club closes after 40-plus years,” Mobile Press-Register (Apr. 30, 2009)

^ University Club of the University of Alabama (official site)

^ “University Club,” Tuscaloosaparanormal.com (retrieved June 19, 2013)

^ Petroleum Club of Anchorage (official site) Archived 2011-08-11 at the Wayback Machine

^ Dermot Cole, “North to the Future: The Alaska Story 1959–2009” (Epicenter: 2008)

^ a b Andrew Johnson, “Arizona Club may close its facilities at the top of Chase Tower”, Arizona Republic (Aug. 25, 2009)

^ Lynn Ducey, “Arizona Club closing at Chase, seeking partnership,” Phoenix Business Journal (Aug. 25, 2009)

^ University Club of Phoenix (official site)

^ University Club of Arizona State University (official site)

^ City of Tempe Historic Preservation, “Administration/Science Building (University Club)” (Retrieved June 19, 2013) Archived June 24, 2013, at archive.today

^ Mountain Oyster Club (official site)

^ Richard Ducote, “Downtown Institution Moves East,” Arizona Daily Star (May 14, 2003)

^ Little Rock Club (official site)

^ David Margolick, “Elizabeth and Hazel: Two Women of Little Rock” (Yale: 2011)

^ Petroleum Club of Bakersfield (official site)

^ James Burger, “Bakersfield, Calif., Petroleum Club to Move Location,” Bakersfield Californian (Aug. 14, 2002)

^ Berkeley Faculty Club (official site)

^ “NPS #82004641: Approved NRHP nomination of the Berkeley Faculty Club,” Nps.gov (retrieved June 19, 2013)

^ “Gabriel Dillard, “After 50 years, The Downtown Club in Fresno closes,” Fresno Business Journal (Feb. 6, 2013)”. Archived from the original on 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2013-05-04.

^ Long Beach Petroleum Club (official site)

^ “Iconic Petroleum Club honored,” Long Beach Press-Telegram (July 7, 2008)

^The Hollywood Athletic Club (1928-1955)

Stephen Ceasar, “Members-only Regency Club to close after 30 years,” Los Angeles Times (Feb. 25, 2011)

^ E.S. Bates, “What’s Inside Counts,” Los Angeles Times (Aug. 24, 1992)

^ Pacheco Club (official site)

^ Christine Delsol, “Citrus tints fall colors in Fresno County,” San Francisco Chronicle (Nov. 26, 2006)

^ Pacific Club (official site)

^ Andrew Edwards, “Pacific Club Torn Down,” Daily Pilot (Jan. 04, 2006)

^ Belleveue Club (official site)

^ “Bellevue Club marks 80 years,” Alameda Times-Star (Feb. 26, 2009)

^ Debra Levi Holtz, “Oakland City Club Going, Going … Closure, Auction Attest to Changing Society,” San Francisco Chronicle (Aug. 24, 2000)

^ Stanford Faculty Club (official site)

^ Nancy Rue, “Pascal’s Wager” (Random House: 2011)

^ University Club of Palo Alto (official site)

^ John Reid, “Maddy,” Palo Alto Daily News (May 20, 2011)

^ Janette Williams, “The end of an era,” Pasadena Star-News (Mar. 9, 2007)

^ University Club of Pasadena (official site)

^ Jesse Katz, “Move to Admit Women Splits Claremont Club: Time Poaches on a Male Preserve,” Los Angeles Times (Mar. 15, 1987)

^ Sutter Club (official site)

^ Allen Pierleoni, “Counter Culture: The exclusive Sutter Club,” Sacramento Bee (Sept. 7, 2012) Archived 2012-09-17 at the Wayback Machine

^ Faculty Club (San Diego) (official site)

^ “Faculty Club Celebrates Staff with April Membership Promotion,” States News Service (Mar. 27, 2012)

^ University Club of San Diego (official site)

^ Roger Showley, “University Club: The ultimate in networking central,” San Diego Union-Tribune (Feb. 23, 2011)

^ Cercle de l’Union (official site)

^ Lawrence Kinnaird, “History of the Greater San Francisco Bay Region” (Lewis Historical Publishing: 1966)

^ City Club of San Francisco (official site)

^ Rebecca Cook, “Posh City Clubs Loosen Their Ties to Stay Alive,” Los Angeles Times (July 28, 2002)

^ Concordia-Argonaut Club (official site)

^ “S.F.’s Concordia Argonaut Club Board Urges Admitting Women,” Los Angeles Times (June 17, 1987)

^ Villa Taverna (official site)

^ Catherine Bigelow, “Villa Taverna club celebrates 50 years,” San Francisco Chronicle (Sept. 13, 2009)

^ a b c Dave O’Brian, “View from the Top: A Pricey, Private Club Aims to Make San Jose Silicon Valley’s Capital,” San Jose Mercury News (Nov. 12, 1990)

^ “Buena Vista Neighborhood Association, “San Jose: Then and Now”, retrieved 08-17-2011″. Archived from the original on 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2011-08-17.

^ Silicon Valley Athletic Club (official site)

^ Sal Pizarro, “‘Man Jose’ No More: Events Target Women” (July 29, 2012)

^ “Faculty Club (Santa Barbara)”. Archived from the original on 2013-05-13. Retrieved 2018-11-01.

^ “The wild, wondrous imagination of Charles W. Moore,” Smithsonian (June 1, 1984)

^ Santa Barbara Club (official site)

^ “Santa Barbara Club,” Santa Barbara Independent (retrieved July 1, 2013)

^ a b Elena Gray-Blanc, “Private, But Not Exclusive,” Santa Barbara Independent (Apr. 12, 2008) (retrieved July 1, 2013)

^ University Club of Santa Barbara (official site)

^ Michael Fitzgerald, “Elegant Stockton men’s club recalls another era,” San Joaquin Record (June 23, 2010)

^ “Leigh Johnsen, “The Yosemite Club Closes Its Doors,” sanjoaquinhistory.org (Jan. 19, 2011) (retrieved July 1, 2013)”. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2013.

^ El Paso Club (official site)

^ Dave Philipps, “El Paso Club votes to deny women entry,” Colorado Springs Gazette (July 11, 2011)

^ The Cactus Club, “100, the Cactus Club Centennial, 1911-2011” (Club Press 2011) men only; serving lunch daily

^ Denver Athletic Club (official site)

^ Henry Dubroff, “Prestigious Denver Club to Close,” Denver Post (Mar. 14, 1995)

^ Denver Petroleum Club (official site) Archived 2013-04-04 at the Wayback Machine

^ Howard Pankratz, “Petroleum Club eager to build on history,” Denver Post (Sept. 10, 2007)

^ Denver Press Club (official site)

^ “The Denver Press Club,” The Denver History Minute (Aug. 26, 2013)

^ University Club of Denver (official site)

^ Gary Massaro, “University Club Opens to Women,” Denver Rocky Mountain News (Dec. 21, 1990)

^ Field Club of Greenwich (official site)

^ Roger Bullard, “A Century at the Field Club of Greenwich: 1908–2008” (Capital Offset: 2008)

^ a b Graduate Club (official site)

^ “Two venerable New Haven social clubs merging,” Hartford Business Journal (Sept. 19, 2012)

^ a b Paul Bass, “Q, Grad Clubs Merging; A New Power Lunch Era,” New Haven Independent (Sept. 19, 2012)

^ New Haven Lawn Club (official site)

^ Quinnipiack Club (official site)

^ Thames Club (official site)

^ Kathleen Edgecomb, “Thames Club carries on in style,” Associated Press (Feb. 1, 2009)

^ Ann Marie Somma, “Hartford Club Reinventing Itself,” Hartford Business Journal (May 29, 2012)

^ a b c Bob Yearick, “Welcome to the Club,” Delaware Today (Dec. 14, 2010)

^ University and Whist Club (official site)

^ Army and Navy Club (DC) (official site)

^ City Tavern Club (Washington, D.C.) (official site)

^ The George Town Club (official site) Archived 2012-05-18 at the Wayback Machine

^ Alix Pianin, “George Town Club Leaders Recruit Young Professionals,” Georgetown Current (Feb. 20, 2013)

^ Glover, Charles C., III (1962) “A Brief History of the Metropolitan Club” Records of the Columbia Historical Society of Washington, D.C. vols 60-62 pp. 266–277

^ “The University Club,” DCConfidential.com (Mar. 7, 2008) (retrieved July 2, 2013)

^ “Home – Sulgrave Club”. www.sulgraveclub.org. Retrieved 2018-10-25.

^ University Club of Washington, D.C. (official site)

^ Carla Hall, “One for The Women: University Club Amends Membership Bylaws,” Washington Post (June 21, 1984)

^ https://www.facebook.com/david.montgomery.5682944. “From ladies’ club to luxury apartments: The Washington Club bids Dupont Circle farewell”. Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-10-24.

^ River Club (Jacksonville) (official site)

^ Christopher Calnan, “River Club project in Jacksonville, Fla., to double initial cost,” Florida Times-Union (Oct. 7, 2004)

^ [1]

^ Bankers Club (Miami) (official site)

^ Ted Reed, “Bankers Club the First to Let Everybody In,” Miami Herald (Apr. 16, 1990)

^ a b c d e Yudislaidy Fernandez, “Downtown Miami social clubs making adjustments in tough economy,” MiamiTodayNews.com (Aug. 6, 2009)

^ Ted Reed, “Elegant Brickell Club Shuts Down,” Miami Herald (June 17, 1995)

^ Oscar Pedro Musibay, “Miami City Club shutters,” South Florida Business Journal (Jan. 21, 2011)

^ Ted Reed, “University Club: The One with No Women Members,” Miami Herald (Apr. 16, 1990)

^ Laura Layden, “Church buys Collier Athletic Club,” Naplesnews.com (Nov. 18, 2010)

^ University Club of Orlando (official site)

^ Beth Kassab, “University Club tweaks its image,” Orlando Sentinel (Nov. 16, 2009)

^ “North Palm’s private City Club quietly closes,” Palm Beach Post (Jan. 29, 2010)

^ Kevin McQuaid, “Sarasota’s University Club closes its doors,” Sarasota Herald-Tribune (June 22, 2009)

^ Surf Club (official site)

^ Andres Viglucci, “Renovation of Surf Club, where Winston Churchill painted, goes to Surfside Commission Monday,” Miami Herald (Oct. 14, 2012)

^ Governor’s Club (official site)

^ “Take a peek inside the mysterious Governor’s Club,” Tallahassee Democrat (July 6, 2010)

^ Tampa Club (official site)

^ Amy Scherzer, “Tampa Club gets new look,” St Petersburg Times (Nov. 17, 2006)

^ University Club of Tampa (official site)

^ Susan H. Thompson, “University Club’s Glass Ceiling is Gone,” Tampa Tribune (May 5, 2000)

^ Cherokee Town and Country Club (official site)

^ “Atlanta’s Most Prestigious Private Clubs,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Apr. 23, 1989)

^ Georgian Club (official site)

^ Jeff Levick, “Rhoden develops city’s first suburban club,” Atlanta Business Chronicle (June 17, 1991)

^ Pinnacle Club (official site)

^ “Damon Cline, “Pinnacle Club sees resurgence as it turns 35,” Augusta Chronicle (Aug. 4, 2002)”. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-07-02.

^ Skippy Davis, “Coming of age: City Club of Macon has come a long way since it opened 9 years ago,” Macon Telegraph (May 7, 2001)

^ Linda S. Morris, “City Club of Macon closes,” Macon Telegraph (June 12, 2008)

^ Chatham Club (official site)

^ Phinizy Spalding, Harvey H. Jackson, “Oglethorpe in Perspective: Georgia’s Founder After Two Hundred Years” (University of Alabama: 2006)

^ Oglethorpe Club (official site)

^ Visit Historic Savannah, “Historic Oglethorpe Club,” retrieved 08-17-2011

^ “Becoming Southern: the Jews of Savannah, Georgia, 1830-70,” American Jewish History (Dec. 30, 2008)

^ a b c C. S. Papacostas, “Ha’Alelea Lawn’s Fate” ASCE-Hawaii (May 2013)

^ Pacific Club (official site)

^ Arid Club (official site)

^ “A new classic: Inside the transformation of Boise’s historic Arid Club,” Idaho Statesman (Feb. 5, 2009)

^ Shia Kapos, “Taking Names: Casino Club names Sarah Potter as new executive director” Crain’s Chicago Business (Dec. 14, 2009)

^ Katie Parsons, “Rundown Chicago Athletic Association Building To Be Hotel,” Chicago Chamber of Commerce (July 23, 2012) Archived January 19, 2013, at archive.today

^ Cliff Dwellers (official site)

^ Bilow, Irving C. and Barnard, Harry (1969) The Standard Club’s First Hundred Years 1869-1969 Standard Club of Chicago, Chicago, OCLC 2653953

^ Holton, Lisa (2008) “For Members Only: A History and Guide to Chicago’s Oldest Private Clubs” Lake Claremont Press, Chicago, ISBN 978-1-893121-28-7

^ Decatur Club (official site)

^ Dayle Cochran Irwin, “The Decatur Club 1883–2003” (Club Press: 2003)

^ [2]

^ Dupage Club (official site)

^ “The DuPage Club,” West Suburban Living Magazine (2013) (retrieved July 2, 2013)

^ Creve Coeur Club (official site)

^ “Holling Makes History,” Peoria Journal Star (July 9, 2002)

^ University Club of Rockford (official site)

^ Paul Anthony Arco, “University Club: A ‘Hidden Gem’ Celebrates 100 Years,” Northwest Quarterly Wisconsin (Fall 2011) (retrieved July 2, 2013)

^ Sangamo Club (official site)

^ Julie Cellini, “Changing times at the Sangamo Club: The formerly male-only group names its first female president,” Springfield State Journal-Register (July 9, 2000)

^ Michigan Shores Club (official site)

^ Kerrie Kennedy, “Your Club or Mine?” Sheridan Road Magazine (Vol. 5, Issue 3) (retrieved July 2, 2013)

^ University Club of Indiana University (official site)

^ Bill Medley, “Petroleum Club was once the place to be in Evansville,” Indiana Economic Digest (Mar. 16, 2006)

^ [3]

^ [4][permanent dead link]

^ Columbia Club (Indianapolis) (official site)

^ Tom Murphy, “Winona, IAC close,” Indianapolis Business Journal (Dec. 27, 2004)

^ http://www.indianapolismonthly.com/news-opinion/indianapolis-press-club-photos/

^ [5]

^ Robert W. Greenleaf, “The University Club of Indianapolis: Its Origin, History and Lore” (University Club of Indianapolis: 1963)

^ https://historicindianapolis.com/at-your-leisure-the-marion-political-party/

^ [6]

^ “”South Bend Summit Club suspending operations indefinitely,” WNDU News (May 29, 2012)”. Archived from the original on 2013-06-30. Retrieved 2013-05-16.

^ Bill Wundram, “Davenport Club returns — sort of,” Quad City Times (Dec. 03, 2009)

^ Outing Club (official site)

^ a b c J. Boeckman, “Embassy Club readies friendly new home in WDM,” Des Moines Register (Aug. 30, 2010)

^ Des Moines Embassy Club (official site)

^ University Club of Iowa City

^ Katie Sims, “Local club embraces area newbies,” Daily Iowan (July 17, 2009) (retrieved July 2, 2013)

^ Hutchinson Town Club (official site)

^ “New manager looks to enhance Town Club,” Hutchinson News (June 13, 2012)

^ Top of the Tower Club (official site)

^ “Top of the Tower Turns 40,” Topeka Capitol-Journal (Oct. 23, 2008)

^ Dennis Pearce, “Petroleum Club strikes milestone: Tony Downtown club özgü conquered bad financial times and plans to recruit 1,000 members in its 50th year,” Wichita Eagle (Apr. 23, 1999)

^ Molly McMillin, “Two Business Clubs Agree to Join Forces,” Wichita Eagle (Nov. 23, 1996)

^ Metropolitan Club (Covington, KY) (official site)

^ Elaine Dillhunt, “Metropolitan Club Opening,” Cincinnati Post (Nov. 12, 1991)

^ Club at Spindletop Hall (official site)

^ Joyce Rosencrans, “Spindletop Hall: Texas Oil Money Built ‘Modern Mansion’ in the Bluegrass,” Cincinnati Post (Dec. 16, 2006)

^ Milward, Burton (1985) Lexington Club, 1860-1985 The Lexington Club, Lexington, Kentucky, OCLC 46841717

^ Blackford, Linda B. (4 July 2002) “Former University of Kentucky President Resigns from All-White Dining Club” Lexington Herald-Leader

^ Blackford, Linda B. (21 Feb. 2006) “Louisville, Ky., club accepts first black member” Lexington Herald-Leader

^ Lexington Club (official site)

^ University Club of Louisville (official site)

^ Rick Redding, “Membership at University Club Louisville Has Its Privileges,” HelloLouisville.com (Feb. 27, 2012)

^ “HOME”. The Louisville Thoroughbred Society. Retrieved 26 June 2019.

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^ City Club (Baton Rouge) (official site)

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^ “A Special Place to the City,” Lafayette Daily Advertiser (Apr. 19, 2013)

^ Pioneer Club (official site)

^ Donald J. Millet, Lake Charles Centennial Celebration: 1867-1967 (McNeese State Press: 1967)

^ “Lotus Club chef Lonnie Blount dead at 66,” Monroe News-Star (Aug. 6, 2010)

^ “Encyclopedia of Associations: Regional, state, and local organizations,” p. 200 (2012)

^ a b John Kendall, Chapter 43, The History of New Orleans (1922)

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^ http://www.kreweofzulu.com/history

^ a b c “University Club closes,” Shreveport Times (Feb. 20, 2011)

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^ “Petroleum Club of Shreveport Opens,” Independent Petroleum Association of America Monthly, Vol.21-22, p. 34 (1950)

^ Shreveport Club (official site)

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^ Cumberland Club (official site)

^ a b c Ray Routhier, “Just the Guys,” Maine Sunday Telegram (Nov. 14, 2004)

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^ Center Club (official site)

^ Barbara Grzincic, “Center Club celebrates 50th anniversary in Baltimore,” Baltimore Daily Record (May 8, 2013)

^ Engineers Club (Baltimore) (official site)

^ Edward Gunts, “A makeover for Garrett-Jacobs,” Baltimore Sun (Feb. 14, 2005)

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^ Peter Schworm and Matt Viser, “Membership özgü its privileges: University clubs deliver exclusive views, ambiance for movers and shakers,” Boston Globe (Nov. 4, 2007)

^ St. Botolph Club (official site)

^ Peggy Hernandez, “St. Botolph Not Stuffy, Says Member,” Boston Globe (June 21, 1988)

^ University Club of Boston (official site)

^ Edwin Monroe Bacon, The Book of Boston: Fifty Years’ Recollections of the New England Metropolis (1916)

^ Harvard Faculty Club (official site)

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^ Fay Club (official site)

^ Lenox Club (official site)

^ Kevin Alexander, “No rest for the wicket The weird, wonderful — and absolutely cutthroat — world of competitive croquet,” Boston Globe (July 10, 2011)

^ Old Colony Club (official site)

^ Emily Sweeney, “Joining the club: Rituals, oddities, and superlatives define these groups,” Boston Globe (July 5, 2007)

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^ “Club donates $5,600 to Father Bill’s,” Quincy Patriot Ledger (Mar. 25, 2010)

^ Colony Club (Springfield, MA) (official site)

^ G. Michael Dobbs, Springfield (Arcadia: 2008)

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^ Miscowaubik Club (official site)

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^ University Club of Michigan State University (official site)

^ Karl T. Wright, The First 50 Years, A History of the University Club of Michigan State University: 1929-1979 (Lansing: 1982)

^ Peninsular Club to close doors after 126 years

^ a b University Club of Grand Rapids (official site)

^ Rob Kirkbride, “Booze shift could open private club,” Grand Rapids Press (Dec. 12, 2002)

^ Chippewa Club (official site)

^ “Nikki Younk, “Little Willie Dickinson haunting the Chippewa?,” Iron Mountain Daily News (Oct. 31, 2008)”. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2013-07-09.

^ Beacon Club (Kalamazoo) (official site)

^ “Angel Wilson, “I’ve Got a Gal in Kalamazoo,” Adventures of a Single Belle (Oct. 22, 2012)”. Archived from the original on 2013-07-10. Retrieved 2013-07-09.

^ Park Club of Kalamazoo (official site)

^ Emily Monacelli, “Park Club offers women a salon, spa event to promote membership,” Kalamazoo Gazette (Jan. 21, 2008)

^ Saginaw Club (1981) Saginaw Club, Founded May 1889: The Story of Your Club and the Men Who Made it a Saginaw Tradition for Nearly a Century The Saginaw Club, Saginaw, Michigan, OCLC 41333535

^ Jim Adams, “Decathlon Club closed by fire: no one injured, blaze causes more than $1.2 million in damage,” Minneapolis Star Tribune (Dec. 7, 2000)

^ Andrew Tellijohn, “Fire-damaged club needs member help,” Minneapolis St. Paul Business Journal (Apr. 28, 2002)

^ Kitchi Gammi Club (official site)

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^ Campus Club (official site)

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^ Melissa Levy, “Minneapolis Athletic Club to name buyer Monday,” Minneapolis Star Tribune (Mar. 14, 1998)

^ Ronald D. Clark, “Meet Us At the Club,” St. Paul Pioneer Press (Nov. 30, 2000)

^ Maria Douglas Reeve, “Judge OKs Plan to Sell Downtown Athletic Club Building,” St. Paul Pioneer Press (Dec. 28, 1994)

^ University Club of St. Paul (official site)

^ Allen Short, “Some private, pricey clubs find their financial shapes sagging,” Minneapolis Star Tribune (Nov. 12, 1995)

^ Great Southern Club (official site)

^ Joey Bunch, “Great Southern Going International,” Biloxi Sun Herald (Sept. 9, 2001)

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^ Cathy Wood, “Jackson, Mississippi,” Coffee with Cathy (May 18, 2010)

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^ “Saint Louis Club Ranks 11th In Nation,” St. Louis Commerce Magazine (Sept. 2003) Archived 2006-11-24 at the Wayback Machine

^ Matt Allen, “University Club closes amid declining membership,” St. Louis Business Journal (May 2, 2007)

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^ “National Register of Historic Places Information: Haarstick-Whittemore Houses,” Missouri Department of Natural Resources (retrieved July 10, 2013)

^ University Club of Missouri University (official site)

^ Will Sentell, “Report faults bailout at MU: Aiding private club did not help university, state auditor says,” Kansas City Star (Aug. 29, 1995)

^ “History-The Beginning”, Oakwood Country Club, Kansas City, Mo. (retrieved May 21, 2013) Archived May 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine

^ River Club (Kansas City) (official site)

^ James Dornbrook, “A River Club runs through it: The elite group carves its own course as Quality Hill ebbs and flows,” Kansas City Business Journal (Nov. 12, 2006)

^ Katie Hollar, “Kansas City Club, University Club will merge,” Kansas City Business Journal (July 25, 2001)

^ Leslie Zganjar, “Kansas City Club has 30 days to decide, University Club president says,” Kansas City Business Journal (May 25, 2001)

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^ Benton Club (official site)

^ “The Benton Club of St. Joseph, Missouri, 1887–1951” (Historical Committee: 1951)

^ Robyn L. Davis, J. Marshall White, “St. Joseph, Missouri: A Postcard History” (Acradia: 1999)

^ “The Benton Club of Saint Joseph, Missouri, 1887–1981” (Historical Committee: 1981)

^ Noonday Club (official site) Archived 2012-03-31 at the Wayback Machine

^ Jim Baer, “The Noonday Club,” St. Louis Commerce Magazine (July 2008) Archived 2010-12-07 at the Wayback Machine

^ Rick Desloge, “Luncheon clubs take creative steps in battle to survive,” St. Louis Business Journal (Jan. 19, 2003)

^ Deb Peterson, “Historic downtown dining club is no more”, St. Louis Post-Dispatch (July 26, 2008)

^ Landmarks Association of St. Louis, “Edward Gordon Garden, FAIA (1871–1924),” retrieved 08-17-2011

^ Jeanette Batz Cooperman, “Dinner at the Club, Darling?” St. Louis Magazine (June 2006)

^ Patrick L. Thimangu, “They Fueled the Flight,” St. Louis Business Journal (June 27, 2007)

^ James C. Burkham, “The Racquet Club of St. Louis: 1906–1956, The First Fifty Years” (Racquet Club of St. Louis: 1956)

^ “St. Louis University Museum of Art: History,” St. Louis University (retrieved June 3, 2013)

^ “Built St. Louis – Central Corridor – Midtown – University Club Tower,” Builtstlouis.com (retrieved June 3, 2013)

^ Billings Petroleum Club (official site)

^ Jan Falstad, “Private Petroleum Club takes on updated image,” Billings Gazette (Dec. 16, 2002)

^ Leslie McCartney, “Developer Buys Butte, Mont., Club to Create Celtic-Irish Historical Center,” Montana Standard (Nov. 2, 2003)

^ Montana Club (official site)

^ Kaelyn Kelly, “Big Sky Chronicles: Montana Club,” Beartooth NBC-TV (Jan. 30, 2012) Archived 2012-02-05 at the Wayback Machine

^ The Miles City Club, 1884 – 1984: Montana’s Oldest Social Club (1984)

^ Nebraska Club (official site)

^ a b Mark Andersen, “Nebraska Club admits closed-club members,” Lincoln Journal Star (June 9, 1999)

^ Omaha Press Club (official site)

^ Bob Fischbach, “Of skits and scholarships: Press Club show hits 50,” Omaha World-Herald (Apr. 17, 2007)

^ One Hundred Club (official site)

^ Christine Gillette, “The 100 Club will live up to its name,” Portsmouth Seacoast (July 3, 2003)

^ Susan Nolan, “Privacy proves to be secret to success of men’s Warwick Club,” Portsmouth Seacoast (Jan. 12, 2004)

^ Park Avenue Club (Florham Park, NJ) (official site) Archived 2011-08-30 at the Wayback Machine

^ Kejal Vyas, “Fine meals with good deeds as a dessert: Florham Park club is an angel for many,” Newark Star-Ledger (Dec. 21, 2006)

^ Commonwealth Club (official site)

^ Royal F. Shepard, Images of America: Montclair (Arcadia: 2003)

^ Morristown Club (official site)

^ Barbara Sturken, “‘Power Lunches’ in a Converted Barn,” New York Times (June 27, 1993)

^ a b c d Tina Traster-Polak, “Luncheon Clubs: A Tradition Fades,” New York Times (Aug. 02, 1992)

^ Rutgers Club (official site)

^ Ted Sherman, “Dining club says Rutgers-Audi deal infringes on rights,” Newark Star-Ledger (Feb. 9, 2011)

^ http://www.ocsentinel.com/community/bon-voyage-riverboat-club/article_21ca60e4-e317-11e6-9133-3f09b9255fe0.html

^ Nassau Club (Princeton, NJ) (official site)

^ “Tales of the City Social Clubs,” Mercer Business (Vol. 83, Issue 4, Apr. 1, 2007)

^ Prospect House Club (official site)

^ Erin Duffy, “Trenton Club site for sale,” The Times of Trenton (July 30, 2010)

^ “Trenton Club Donates Artifacts,” Mercerspace.com (Jan. 14, 2013)

^ “Petroleum Club runs dry after half century,” New Mexico Business Weekly (Feb. 19, 2007)

^ Albuquerque Press Club (official site)

^ “Governor To Receive Honorary Membership,” Albuquerque Journal (Mar. 24, 1965)

^ Octavio Ramos, “Haunted New Mexico: Albuquerque’s The Whittlesey House,” The Examiner (July 18, 2011)

^ Fort Orange Club (official site)

^ Jeremy W. Peters, “An Elegant Home Away From Home for Republicans in Albany,” New York Times (Dec. 6, 2009)

^ University Club of Albany (official site)

^ Binghamton Club (official site)

^ My-Ly Nguyen, “Binghamton Club elects officers,” Southern Tier Business News (July 30, 2009)

^ Buffalo Club (official site)

^ Matt Glynn, “Buffalo Club planning $8.5 million in improvements,” Buffalo News (Nov. 20, 2012)

^ Saturn Club (Buffalo, NY) (official site)

^ “Ten Apartments Planned at Delaware/Allen Location,” Buffalo Rising (Mar. 24, 2011) Archived 2013-06-11 at the Wayback Machine

^ Elmira City Club (official site)

^ John Cleary, “It was a very different front page 100 years ago,” Elmira Star Gazette (June 6, 2006)

^ Jamestown Town Club (official site)

^ “Nick Dean, “Town Club Holding Membership Drive,” Jamestown Post-Journal (Dec. 10, 2008)”. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-07-10.

^ [9] “In February 2017, the Columbia University Club proudly announced a new affiliation with The Penn Club of New York.” (December 29, 2018)

^ https://www.nytimes.com/1989/07/22/nyregion/nyu-club-is-shut-down-perhaps-permanently.html

^ Coffee House Club (official site)

^ Christopher Gray, “Interesting Enterprises Behind Worn Facades,” New York Times (May 15, 2005)

^ Chemists Club (official site)

^ Glenn Collins, “Squadron at Ease, Memories at the Ready,” New York Times (May 21, 1982)

^ “New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, “Engineers’ Club Building,” March 22, 2011″ (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 5, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2014.

^ India House Club (NYC) (official site)

^ John Derbyshire, “Dog Lovers Corner”, National Review (June 17, 2008) (retrieved 08-21-2011)

^ Playing the Top 100 Golf Courses in The World, “The Links Club”, retrieved 08-21-2011

^ River Club of New York (official site)

^ Michael Henry Adams, “Great Houses of New York: The River Club,” Huffington Post (Oct. 27, 2009)

^ Genessee Valley Club (official site)

^ Walter C. Strakosh, Howard C. Hosmer, A century of sociability : the Genesee Valley Club (1885-1985) (1985)

^ “American Guide Series: Genesee Valley Club – Rochester, NY,” Waymarking.com (retrieved July 10, 2013)

^ “The Inn on Broadway: History” (retrieved July 16, 2013)

^ Mohawk Club (official site)

^ Bill Buell, Historic Schenectady County: A Bicentennial History (Schenectady County Historical Society: 2009)

^ Century Club of Syracuse (official site)

^ Dick Case, “Stately Century Club ‘Freshened Up’ Our History,” Syracuse Post Standard (Nov. 1, 2007)

^ a b Malio Cardarelli, “City Club was of another time and place,” Utica Observer-Dispatch (Oct. 30, 2011)

^ Fort Schuyler Club (official site)

^ Cassaundra Baber, “Embracing a new generation: 3 women on board of Fort Schuyler Club,” Utica Observer-Dispatch (Mar. 24, 2012)

^ Harry Greyard, “Athletic Club Members Vote to Join Tower Club,” Charlotte Observer (Dec. 17, 1991)

^ Charlotte City Club (official site)

^ “The Charlotte City Club & Tower Club,” Charlotte Eats (Nov. 30, 2008)

^ Kerry Hall, “Tower Club to Close Downtown Facility: No Longer Viable in Changing Market,” Charlotte Observer (Oct. 30, 2004)

^ University Club of North Carolina (official site)

^ Ragan Robinson, “Bankruptcy details emerge over country club, City Club,” Gaston Gazette (Sept. 26, 2012)

^ Donald W. Patterson, “Greensboro City Club to Close,” Greater Triad Area Business Journal (May 26, 2005)

^ Hickory Sportsman’s Club (official site)

^ String and Splinter Club (official site)

^ Susan Dickenson, “String & Splinter club celebrates renovation,” Furniture Today (Sept. 3, 2012)

^ a b c Sue Stock, “Swank Clubs Pool Their Resources,” Raleigh News & Observer (May 21, 2009)

^ Downtown Clubs of Raleigh (official site)

^ “”NC Marker D-71: Cape Fear Club,” NC Historical Markers (retrieved 09-12-2011)”. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2013-01-08.

^ City Club at de Rosset (official site)

^ Clara Bosonetto, “A weekend in Wilmington, N.C.,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Mar. 6, 2011)

^ “Piedmont Club (official site)”. Archived from the original on 2011-01-29. Retrieved 2013-05-30.

^ a b Fran Daniel, “With open arms, Piedmont Club began,” Winston-Salem Journal (Mar. 25, 2012)

^ “NHR Listing: South Main Street Historic District,” The Akron Library (retrieved June 9, 2013)

^ “Bankers Club to Close,” Cincinnati Business Courier (Apr. 21, 2009)

^ a b c Joy Kraft, “The Phoenix: Race Street’s Italian palace,” Cincinnati Enquirer (Apr. 14, 2013)

^ Cincinnati Athletic Club (official site)

^ Cincinnati Faculty Club (official site)

^ “”Midwest Culinary Institute is running Faculty Club at UC, feeding its athletic teams,” Cincinnati Herald (Sept. 3, 2011)”. Archived from the original on 2013-07-12. Retrieved 2013-07-11.

^ https://cincinnatiwomansclub.com/index.cfm?ID=75

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^ http://www.miamiboatclub.com/History.html

^ https://tphistoricalsociety.org/stumps-boat-club/

^ Waymarking.com, “American Guide Series: Cincinnati – Queen City Club”, (retrieved 08-21-2011)

^ University Club of Cincinnati (official site)

^ Tom Demeropolis, “Downtown’s University Club looks to grow curb appeal,” Cincinnati Business Courier (July 9, 2011)

^ Cleveland Athletic Club will close New Year’s Eve

^ a b William Ganson Rose, “Cleveland, the Making of a City”, p. 387 (Kent State University: 1990)

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^ Mary Strassmeyer, “Hermits Admit First 3 Women,” Cleveland Plain Dealer (June 10, 1992)

^ Anne Trubek, “The Book Boys,” Cleveland Magazine (Feb. 2005)

^ Union Club (Cleveland) (official site)

^ The University Club. Cleveland: The University Club. 1920.

^ Ryan Cornell, “University Club fate hinges on legal battle,” Crain’s Cleveland Business (Nov. 12, 2001)

^ “Myers University to Expand into Historic University Club,” PR Newswire (June 7, 2002)

^ http://auberginediningclub.com/

^ Columbus Club (official site)

^ Columbus Club Golden Anniversary: Wisconsin 1886-1936 (Columbus: 1936)

^ Ohio State University Faculty Club (official site)

^ Melissa Starker, “OSU Faculty Club: Old home, new one stir muse,” Columbus Dispatch (July 29, 2012)

^ Engineers Club of Dayton (official site)

^ “Demolition begins at former Massillon Club,” Massillon Independent (June 5, 2013)

^ Toledo Club (official site)

^ “Toledo Club hosts meetings and events,” Toledo Business Journal (Sept. 1, 2011)

^ “”Youngstown Club Slated for Closing at Year-End,” Youngstown Business Journal (Nov. 14, 2012)”. Archived from the original on 2013-09-14. Retrieved 2013-06-11.

^ a b Petroleum Club of Oklahoma City (official site)

^ Ray Carter, “Petroleum Club opens second location,” Oklahoma City Journal Record (Dec. 14, 2000)

^ University Club of the University of Oklahoma (official site)

^ “Newly renovated University Club at OU will reopen in Norman,” The Oklahoman (Apr. 11, 2013)

^ Beacon Club (official site) Archived 2013-07-19 at the Wayback Machine

^ Jon Denton, “Beacon Club Plans Major Renovation,” OKNews.com (May 14, 1988)

^ The Summit (Tulsa) (official site)

^ Cynthia Dees, “The Summit Club Enters ‘New Era’ After Renovation,” Tulsa World (Aug. 5, 1990)

^ Rod Walton, “Petroleum Club falls short in effort to keep doors open,” Tulsa World (July 6, 2011)

^ Tulsa Press Club (official site)

^ Robert Evatt, “Tulsa Press Club completes renovation,” Tulsa World (July 15, 2010)

^ “Tulsa Club Hotel Curio Collection by Hilton”.

^ “Town Club’s Decision to Close Was Driven By Financial Projections,” Eugene Register-Guard (Nov. 26, 2007)

^ Goldfield, Robert (12 Jan. 2001) “Atwaters closure could force Founders to move” Portland Business Journal

^ University Club of Portland (official site)

^ “Historic Bethlehem Club Closed,” Associated Press (July 27, 2007)

^ Catasauqua Club (official site)

^ Pomfret Club (official site)

^ Doug Gelbert, “A Walking Tour of Easton, Pennsylvania” (Smashwords: 2011)

^ Erie Club (official site)

^ History of the Tuesday Club (retrieved June 7, 2013)

^ “The Hamilton Club – Club History”. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2012-09-12.

^ Paula Wolf, “Roof-top dining to highlight Hamilton Club expansion,” Lancaster Intelligencer Journal (Aug. 21, 2005)

^ Dwight W. Koppes, The Down Town Club: Its History, Membership Facilities, Rules and Regulations (Philadelphia: 1947)

^ a b Ron Avery, “R.I.P., Philly Institutions: The Landscape is Changing,” Philadelphia Daily News (Nov. 27, 1995)

^ Engineers Club of Philadelphia (official site)

^ Franklin Inn Club (official site)

^ Ron Avery, “Inn Place Down But Not Out: Interest Wanes in Downtown Literati Club,” Philadelphia Daily News (Jan. 27, 1993)

^ David Iams, “Locust Club to Sell Its Clubhouse,” Philadelphia Inquirer (Feb. 23, 1999)

^ Mask and Wig Club (official site)

^ Susan Q. Stranahan, “A City Club That’s Above It All,” Philadelphia Inquirer (Mar. 15, 1993)

^ David Iams, “The Exclusive-Club Life in Philadelphia is Taking a Clubbing,” Philadelphia Inquirer (May 2, 1993)

^ Rittenhouse Club (official site)

^ University Club at Penn (official site)

^ Edward Digby Baltzell, Philadelphia Gentlemen: The Making of a National Upper Class (Transaction: 7th ed. 2009)

^ Stu Bykofsky, “Recalling the Vesper Club’s ‘Mad Men’ days,” Philadelphia Inquirer” (Sept. 21, 2012)

^ Michael Kline, “The Vesper Club is Homeless,” Philadelphia Inquirer (Jan. 2, 2013)

^ Charter and By-Laws of the Union Club of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh: Union Club of Pittsburgh. 1904. p. 1.

^ University Club of Pittsburgh

^ Bill Schackner, “Remodeled University Club Set to Reopen,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Mar. 30, 2009)

^ Schuylkill County (PA) Government, “Timeline of Schuylkill County (retrieved May 30, 2013) Archived July 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine

^ Borys Krawczeniuk, “Scranton Club accepts $700,000 offer for building,” Scranton Times-Tribune (July 30, 2010)

^ University Club of State College (official site)

^ “Justin Leto, “The University Club seeks residents, members,” VoicesWeb (Jan. 3, 2004) (retrieved July 12, 2013)”. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2020.

^ Westmoreland Club (official site)

^ Denise Allabaugh, “Westmoreland Club celebrates platinum status,” Wilkes-Barre Citizens’ Voice (Oct. 18, 2009)

^ Wilkinsburg Historical Society (2007). Images of America WILKINSBURG. Arcadia Publishing. p. 104.

^ “Ross Club (official site)”. Archived from the original on 2013-01-28. Retrieved 2013-05-30.

^ Mike Reuther, “Ross Club expects better year with new leadership,” Williamsport Sun-Gazette (Jan. 6, 2013)

^ Sean Adkins, “Lafayette Club in York closes after 114 years,” York Daily Record (Aug. 27, 2012)

^ John Hill, “Time running out; Trends Social clubs vanishing,” Providence Journal Bulletin (Feb. 9, 2010)

^ Donna Kenny Kirwan, “Historians make TK new home,” Pawtucket Times (Feb. 16, 2011) Archived 2013-07-13 at archive.today

^ Hope Club (official site)

^ Roger T. Clapp, The Hope Club: A Centennial History, 1875-1975 (E.A. Johnson: 1976)

^ “Architecture ~ The Hope Club ~ Providence,” I (heart) Rhody (Jan. 31, 2013) (retrieved July 12, 2013)

^ University Club of Providence

^ S. Robert Chiappinelli, The University Club: The Century, 1899-1999 (Providence: 2000)

^ Brian C. Mooney, “Club Snub: Cianci, Elite at Odds Again,” Boston Globe (May 1, 2002)

^ Green Boundary Club (official site)

^ “City approves resolution to purchase 3 acres from Green Boundary,” Aiken Standard (July 9, 2013)

^ Springdale Hall Club (official site)

^ Reid Buckley, An American Family: The Buckleys (Simon & Schuster: 2008)

^ The Charleston Club, A Sketch of the Charleston Club: 1852-1948 (1948)

^ a b Palmetto Club (official site)

^ a b Andrew Shain, “Summit, Palmetto dining clubs to merge,” Columbia State (Sept. 2, 2010)

^ Poinsett Club (official site)

^ Taft Matney, “The Poinsett Club: Embracing Tradition, Moving Ahead” Talk Greenville (Jan. 5, 2007)

^ City Club of Rock Hill (official site)

^ Julie Graham, “City Club of Rock Hill,” Rock Hill Herald (Dec. 25, 2005)

^ Piedmont Club (Spartanburg, SC) (official site)

^ Lori Roberts, “Piedmont Club opened in 1941 to city’s men,” Spartanburg Herald-Journal (Dec. 30, 1990)

^ Mountain City Club (official site)

^ John Shearer, The Mountain City Club – A History (Chattanooga: 1998)

^ Walden Club (official site)

^ Ben Benton, “Protesters occupy Chestnut Street in Chattanooga,” Chattanooga Times (Oct. 27, 2011)

^ “Racquet Club of Memphis (official site)”. Archived from the original on 2019-01-29. Retrieved 2020-03-09.

^ a b “Historic Memphis Buildings,” Historic-Memphis.com (retrieved June 18, 2013)

^ “Crescent Club acquires Summit Club membership,” Memphis Business Journal (Oct. 27, 2003)

^ University Club of Memphis (official site)

^ Lela Garlington, “Jury Awards Damages in Tip Wisconsin Suit: University Club Must Pay $500,000,” Memphis Commercial Appeal (Oct. 8, 1996)

^ Nashville City Club (official site)

^ “Views, vibe put Nashville City Club high above the rest,” Nashville Tennessean (Aug. 26, 2011)

^ University Club of Nashville (official site)

^ “Chef’s eclectic upbringing seasons University Club menu,” Nashville Tennessean (July 11, 2012)

^ Bill Whitaker, “Petroleum Club’s heyday just a memory now,” Abilene Reporter-News (Jan. 10, 2000) Archived 2014-07-15 at the Wayback Machine

^ Amarillo Club (official site)

^ Jim McBride, “Rise to the top: Amarillo Club goes from cellar to top of city skyline,” Amarillo Globe-News (Nov. 22, 2007)

^ Austin Club (official site)

^ Campus Club (Austin, TX) (official site)

^ Joshua Winata, “U. Texas Campus Club to relocate,” Daily Texan (Nov. 1, 2006)

^ (The University of Texas Club)

^ (The Headliner’s Club of Austin)

^ Beaumont Club (official site) Archived 2011-02-02 at the Wayback Machine

^ Heather Nolan, “New management hopes to grow The Beaumont Club,” Beaumont Enterprise (Dec. 15, 2007)

^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 2018-06-29. Retrieved 2018-06-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (bağlantı)

^ “Corpus Christi Town Club tosses a big, fun party,” Corpus Christi Caller-Times (Dec. 27, 2009)

^ City Club (Dallas) (official site)

^ Candace Carlisle, “Prime Dallas skyscraper vistas are worth every penny,” Dallas Business Journal (July 27, 2012)

^ Dallas Petroleum Club (official site)

^ Diana Elizabeth Kendall, Members Only: Elite Clubs and the Process of Exclusion (Rowman & Littlefield: 2008)

^ Faculty Club of Southern Methodist University (official site)

^ “Renovated Facility Serves Faculty and Alumni,” SMU Magazine (Aug. 7, 2007)

^ Park City Club (Dallas) (official site)

^ Steve Brown, “Partnership buys tower in North Dallas,” Dallas Morning News (Apr. 13, 2006)

^ “In the Know: Keeping up with Bush,” Dallas Morning News (Apr. 6, 2009)

^ El Paso Club (Texas) (official site)

^ “A new vista for El Paso Club,” El Paso Inc. (Nov. 21, 2010)

^ City Club of Fort Worth (official site)

^ a b c Jennifer Casseday-Blair and Paul K. Harral, “Members Only,” Fort Worth Magazine (Apr. 25, 2013)

^ Fort Worth Club (official site)

^ Petroleum Club of Fort Worth (official site)

^ Coronado Club (official site)

^ Mimi Swarz, “The gospel according to Matthew,” Texas Monthly (Vol. 36, Issue 2: Feb. 1, 2008)

^ Petroleum Club of Houston (official site)

^ Bruce Nichols, “Petroleum Club back in the swing: City’s economy brings new life, members to downtown destination,” Dallas Morning News (Apr. 24, 2006)

^ Summit Club (Longview, TX) (official site)

^ Mike Elswick, “Summit Club opening set for early 2013,” Longview News-Journal (Aug. 19, 2012)

^ Walt Nett, “Members vote to disband Lubbock Club, liquidate assets,” Lubbock Avalanche-Journal (Aug. 10, 2010)

^ Petroleum Club of Midland (official site)

^ Peter H. King, “No love for Obama in the oil fields,” Los Angeles Times (Dec. 22, 2008)

^ Argyle Club (official site)

^ a b c d e Robert Wynne, “Membership in city’s exclusive clubs özgü its price as well as its privileges,” San Antonio Light (July 8, 1990)

^ Club Giraud (official site)

^ Petroleum Club of San Antonio (official site)

^ David Hendricks, “Big changes coming next year for historic buildings downtown,” San Antonio Express-News (July 6, 2005)

^ Edmund Tijerina, “A new private club is coming to the Majestic Building — again,” San Antonio Express-News (July 15, 2007)

^ Judith McGinnis, “Changes in business end Wichita Club,” Wichita Falls TimesRecordNews (June 20, 2010)

^ David Clifton, “California Group Buys University Club Building in Salt Lake City,” Salt Lake Tribune (July 18, 1995)

^ Mike Donoghue, “Ethan Allen Club to see the end of an era,” Burlington Free Press (Nov. 27, 2010)

^ Colonnade Club (official site)

^ Arthur Kyle Davis, The Colonnade Club of the University of Virginia: 75th Anniversary, 1907-1982 (University of Virginia: 1982)

^ Carolyn Shapiro, “Longtime downtown Norfolk business club closes,” Virginian-Pilot (Feb. 28, 2007)

^ Virginia Club (official website)

^ Tony Wharton, “Gentlemen’s Club: After 57 Years, The Virginia Club is Being Forced to Leave Selden Arcade, but its New Home in the Old Southern Bank is a Nice Fit,” Virginia Pilot and Ledger-Star (Jan. 25, 1997)

^ “2300 Club is dead”. 23 July 2017.

^ “2300 Club (official site)”. Archived from the original on 2016-10-30. Retrieved 2019-04-27.

^ a b Alissa M. Poole, “The Club Scene: Downtown is a hub of member-based gathering,” Richmond Magazine (Oct. 2007)

^ http://www.richmond.com/business/local/bull-bear-club-to-close-at-end-of-month/article_46c1cdd4-8717-5386-9ca8-3abd416daadb.html

^ Bull and Bear Club (official site)

^ Aaron Kremer, “Priceless memories linger,” Richmond Times-Dispatch (June 25, 2006)

^ “The Shenandoah Club – Roanoke, VA – About Us”. www.theshenandoahclub.com.

^ Town Center City Club (official site)

^ Matthew Jones, “Board Crafts City Club for a New Downtown,” Virginian Pilot (June 21, 2003)

^ Irene Bowers, “Elegance, Luxury, Manners Matter with Club,” Virginia Beach Beacon (Mar. 14, 2013)

^ Fauquier Club of Warrenton, Va, Officers, incorporators, charter, constitution, by-laws, and members (Williams & Wilkins Co.: 1906)

^ Marvine Howe, “Virginia’s Foothills, The Tranquil Piedmont,” New York Times (May 12, 1991)

^ “National Register of Historic Places: Warrenton Historic District,” Virginia Dept. of Historic Resources (Oct. 13, 1983)

^ a b Harbor Club (official site)

^ a b Keith Ervin, “Harbor Club is Booming: Private Facility Drawing Younger, Less Traditional Eastside Business Clientele,” Seattle Times (Nov. 6, 1997)

^ Bellevue Club (official website)

^ Julie Schaeffer, “When Fitness and Hospitality Combine,” New American Luxury (Dec. 2012) Archived 2013-07-17 at archive.today

^ College Club of Seattle (official website)

^ a b c Sherry Grindeland, “Seattle’s Exclusive Clubs Try to Boost Waning Memberships,” Seattle Times (Mar. 26, 2002)

^ Celeste Louise Smith and Julie D. Pheasant-Albright, Private Clubs of Seattle, p. 7, Arcadia (Images of America series), 2009. ISBN 978-0-7385-7072-3.

^ University of Washington Club (official site)

^ Peter Kelley, “The UW Club, Wisconsin past, present and future,” University of Washington Magazine (Oct. 7, 2010)

^ Spokane Athletic Club (official site)

^ Mike McLean, “Spokane Club at crossroads,” Spokane Journal of Business (May 9, 2013)

^ Tom Sowa, “Spokane Club working to stem tide of defections and reinvent itself,” Spokane Spokesman-Review (July 4, 2010)

^ La Crosse Club (official site)

^ Susan T. Hessel, Leisure with Dignity: A History of the La Crosse Club (La Crosse: 1997)

^ Madison Club (official site)

^ Doug Moe, “Book Marks Madison Club Milestone,” Wisconsin State Journal (Mar. 25, 2009)

^ University Club of the University of Wisconsin (official site)

^ Phil Haslanger, “Gathering Place,” Madison Capital Times (Nov. 22, 1997)

^ Milwaukee Club (official site)

^ H. Russell Zimmerman, The Milwaukee Club: Centennial, 1882-1982 (Milwaukee: 1982)

^ Wisconsin Club (official site)

^ Nick Halter, “Wisconsin Club spruces up: $2.2 million renovation will help it compete in option-filled market,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (June 20, 2008)

^ Casper Petroleum Club (official site)

^ Jesse McKinley, “An Oil City Fears for Its Future,” New York Times (June 4, 2010)

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